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SUNNAH-SALAH IN JOURNEY? PDF Print E-mail

SUNNAH-SALAH IN JOURNEY?

Q:20- Should we perform the Sunnah Salah while we are on journey and whilst performing Qasr in the obligatory prayers? Some people say that the Sunnah Salah is not permissible in journey and the Holy Prophet saw, did not perform it during his travels. What is the correct view of the Shariah? (Ibid)

A: The correct position, according to the majority of Muslim Jurists, is that the Sunnah becomes Nafl or mustahabb when one is on travel. If he performs it he deserves much reward, but if he leaves it, there is no sin on him.

It is not correct to say that the Holy Prophet saw, did not offer the Sunnah prayer during his travels. In fact, sometimes the Holy Prophet saw,  did perform the Sunnah prayer while on travel and sometimes he did not. Both ways are equally established by the authentic traditions. For example, the blessed companion Bara' ibn Azib reports that he accompanied the Holy Prophet saw, in eighteen journeys and he never found him abandoning the two rak'at after the Zawal. (See Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood)

Even Abdullah ibn 'Umar has reported both ways. In a tradition he reports that the Holy Prophet did not offer the Sunnah or nail prayers in his travels but in another report he says that the Holy Prophet: used to offer Sunnah or nafl prayers. Both the reports are available in the Sunnan of Tirmidhi. There is, in fact no contradiction between the reports. Actually, the Holy Prophet, sometimes prayed the Sunnah prayers, and sometimes left them.

So, all the four Muslim Schools (Hanafi, Shafi'i, Maliki and Hanbali) are unanimous on the point that performing the Sunnah prayers in journey is more desirable if one is in peaceful condition. However, if someone does not offer the Sunnah prayer while he is in journey, he should not be regarded as sinful.
(See Almughni, Ibn Qudamah (2:141) and Ibn Abidin).

Contemporary fatawaa

 
QASR AT THE AIRPORT PDF Print E-mail

QASR AT THE AIRPORT

Q: 19- We know that the Shariah has allowed us a concession of performing two Rak'ah of Salah in place of four when on travel. The concession is known as Qasr'. The question is exactly when should we start "Qasr" after leaving our home? Sometimes we have to perform prayer at the airport of our city. Can we avail of the Qasr concession when praying at our airport or on our way to airport? (Ibid)

A: The Qasr concession is allowed to a traveller bound for a distance of 48 miles or more, but the concession can be taken as soon as he comes out of his city. He cannot avail or the Qasr when he is still in his own city. Therefore, if the airport is situated within the city where he lives, in the sense that the buildings of the city are linked with the airport without a considerable break in between, such as the Karachi Airport, the Qasr cannot be availed at the airport. In this case the normal number of Rak'at will be necessary while performing Salah at the airport. However, if the airport is outside the city in which one lives, in the sense that there is a considerable open space between the buildings of his city and the airport, he should perform Qasr at the airport if he wants to offer Salah before boarding.

The same principle will apply to one's performing Salah on his way to airport. As soon as one crosses the buildings of his own city he should perform Qasr even if he has not reached the airport. But in case he is passing through his own city, he cannot avail himself of the Qasr concession.

The same rules should be followed in the case of Railway station and seaports also.

Contemporary fatawaa

 
AZAN AND IQAMAH IN SMALL JAMA'AT PDF Print E-mail

AZAN AND IQAMAH IN SMALL JAMA'AT

Q: 17- "While living    in North America, we often perform salah with Jama'ah in our houses, shops, parks etc. Sometimes the number of participants does not exceed 2-3 persons. Is it necessary for us in these prayers to say azan and Iqamah?"

A: Yes, Azan and Iqamah both are sunnah even whenthe number of the participants in salah is very small. The Holy Prophet saw, once advised any two persons going on journey that whenever the time of `salah' comes, they should say Azan and Iqamah and then perform salah with iqamah.

Contemporary fatawaa

 
HOW TO PERFORM SALAH WHERE QIBLAH IS NOT KNOWN? PDF Print E-mail

HOW TO PERFORM SALAH WHERE QIBLAH IS NOT KNOWN?

Q: 18-  Sometimes we are at a place where we do not know the exact direction of Qiblah. How should we perform Salah in such places? Can we use the scientific instruments to find out the direction of the QIBLAH? What should we do if we do not have such instruments? (Abdullah - Toronto, Canada)

A: Certainly one can use the scientific instruments to find out the accurate direction of Qiblah. However, if somebody is at a place where he has no such instruments nor can he find anybody to tell him the correct direction of the Qiblah, he should to the best of his ability find out the direction by estimate. After doing his best, he can offer his prayer facinga direction which seems to him more correct; His salah will be acceptable in Shariah.

In this case, even if it is learnt after performing salah that the correct direction was otherwise, the Salah is acceptable, and the same need not be performed again.

It should, however, be kept in mind that this rule is applicable only to a person who has done his best to find out the correct direction of the QIBLAH. Conversely, if he has not applied his mind to ascertain the QIBLAH and performed Salah carelessly to any direction, his Salah is not acceptable in case he has performed it facing a wrong direction.

Contemporary fatawaa

 
JUM'AH PRAYER WHILE ON JOURNEY PDF Print E-mail

JUM'AH PRAYER WHILE ON JOURNEY

Q: 16 - "What is the position of Jum'ah prayer in journey? How far the Jum'ah prayer is mandatory when one is on travel?" (Ibid)

A: Jum'ah prayer is not mandatory (fard) on a traveller. It is permissible for him to perform the Zuhr prayer instead of Jumah. But since the Jum'ah prayer is far more rewardable than the normal Zuhr prayer, one should not miss it as far as possible even when he is on journey.

Contemporary fatawaa

 
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