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Are the ?if?t (Attributes) of Allah Ta??l? eternal and everlasting? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 347 – Title: Are the ?if?t (Attributes) of Allah Ta??l? eternal and everlasting?

Question

a/w Mufti Saab.

I have faith and believe that Allah is eternal and everlasting, but does all sifat(all attributes) of allah are also eternal and everlasting (without beginning or end; lasting forever; always existing)

I would appreciate If you can clear me  by giving the reference of quran and hadis in details.

Lots of Thanks.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-ra?matull?hi wa-barak?tuh

Just as the Dh?t (Being) of Allah Ta??l? is eternal and everlasting, so are His ?if?t (Attributes OF His Being) eternal and everlasting.

Im?m Abu Ja?far al-?a??w? mentions in his book of ?Aq?dah (beliefs):

«??? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????.»[1]

“Allah Ta??l? always had His ?if?t (Attributes) without any beginning, before His Creation; none of His Sif?t (Attributes) increased by the Creation becoming what they were not before them (being created)(i.e. non-existent); and like how He always had His ?if?t (Attributes) without any beginning, similarly, He will always remain having them, forever.”

Im?m Abu ?anifah mentions in his book, al-Fiqh al-Akbar:

«?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????»[2]

“(Allah Ta??l?) always had and will always have His Attributes and His Names. No new attribute or new name later occurred for Him. He was always knowing by His Knowledge, and  knowledge is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) powerful by His Power, and power is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a speaker by His Speech, and speech is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a creator by His Creating, and creating is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a doer by His Doing, and doing is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and the doer is only Allah Ta??l?, and doing is an attribute (of His) without any beginning, and that which is done is a creation, and Allah’s Ta??l? doing is not a creation; and His Attributes, which are such that they do not have a beginning, are not an invention nor a creation.”

Furthermore, all the attributes of Allah Ta??l? are perfect. If one says that the attributes of Allah Ta??l? are not eternal and everlasting, then this would be tantamount to saying that Allah Ta??l? was not perfect at some time, as He did not have His perfect attributes at that time (We seek the protection of Allah Ta??l? from such a belief or statement.)[3]

And Allah Ta??l? Knows Best

 
 

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