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What do we believe about non-Muslims who did not receive the message of Islam? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 340 ? Title: What do we believe about non-Muslims who did not receive the message of Islam?

Question

I have full faith in my religion Islam, Alhamdulillah. But I have one question which I constantly ponder over. I want to know the criteria for which innocent non-Muslims will go to Jannah. Suppose some non-Muslims are very innocent, poor and deprived of worldly pleasure whilst they always do good deeds.

Will they still be kept in Jahanam forever? On the other hand Muslims who do many bad deeds but have little faith will be allowed to enter into Jannah one day? Do you think this is justified?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

Allah Ta??l? says in the Quran,

{????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????????? }

?Verily the true religion with Allah is Islam?

Quran 3:19

The criterion for everlasting success in the sight of Allah Ta??l? is to bring faith in Islam. One who has brought faith in the Oneness of Allah Ta??l? and His Messenger Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam has secured his life in the hereafter. Nabi Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam said,

????????? ???????????? ????? ??????: ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????????????? ?????: (???? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????????)

?Two things dictate. A person asked, ?Oh messenger of Allah, what are the two dictating things? He said, ?Whosoever passed away ascribing partners to Allah will enter the fire of hell. And whosoever did not ascribe any partners to Allah will enter paradise.?

(Mishkaatul Masaabih vol.1 pg.17; Maktabatul Islami)

Islam is the measure of our eternal success. However determining who has Islam is something best known to Allah Ta??l?. There are some people who may not expose their Islam due to the circumstances they face in this world. Considering this fact, it is not correct for anyone to judge who will be in Jannah or Jahannam. It is quite possible that those who we think are non-Muslims believe in Allah and His Messenger Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam. It is best to dismiss this affair as something which is best known to Allah Ta??l?.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

 
Regarding the best times for making dua PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 339 ? Title: Regarding the best times for making dua

Question

Regarding best times to make Dua, I have read the following hadith:

?Narrated Abu Omamah (radiAllahu anhu): that Allah?s Messenger (salAllahu alayhiwasalam) was asked, O Messenger of Allah, which supplication is heard (by Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta?ala), he said the end of the night and at the end of the obligatory Salat (prayer) [at-Tirmidhi] This time is after saying ?At-tahyat? , and before making Tasleem (finishing prayer)?

I wanted to know how can we interprete that the meaning of end of obligatory salat is after saying ?At-tahyat? , and before making Tasleem (finishing prayer)? Why does it not mean after making Tasleem (finishing prayer)?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu `alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

The hadith in reference is:

?????? ???????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????????

Tuhfatul Ahwazi 2/169[1]

The hadith states that dua after farz salat is accepted.

The hadith is general.

It also refers to dua after making salam upon the completion of the salah.

In principle the salat terminates with Taslim (giving salam).

And Allah knows best.



[1] ???? ??????? (2 / 169)

312 -[13] (???)???????? ?????: ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????: ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????????? . ??????? ????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????? (????? ???????? (1 / 102))

 
Can I make this du?? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 337 ? Title: Can I make this du??

Question

I am still waiting for a reply: Can I say in my duaa like this: "? Allah, mujh? m?r? marn? k? baad kabar mai Qur?n ? Paak ki til?wat k? sharaf h?sil farma. ?m?n." Please reply me as early as possible. Jaz?kumullahu Khair?.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

The desire to supplicate such a du? is a sign of your immense love for reciting the Qur'?n. The English translation of the du? you have mentioned is:

"Oh Allah, grant me the honour of reciting the Holy Qur'?n in my grave after I die."

This world is D?rul-'Amal (the Abode of Action). As such, only those virtuous deeds acquired in one's lifetime are credited to one's Book of Deeds. In the Hereafter, which is D?rul-Jaz?' (the Abode of Recompense), a person will only be rewarded for such actions carried out during one's lifespan. For this reason, a person should recite the Qur'?n abundantly until death overtakes him/her, and this is actual achievement.

As for your query, it would be permissible for you to make such a du? (supplication), since such a du? does not fall under the category of Mustah?l?t (impossibilities).[1] Numerous incidents have been narrated showing the possibility of an inhabitant of the grave reciting the Qur'?n.[2] Although these narrations are of such a nature that they are not fit for evidence independently, they collectively serve as a proof of the common factor found in them, viz. the possibility of an inhabitant of the grave reciting the Qur'?n.

Im?m al-Suy?ti mentions a few incidents in his book: 'Bushr?-al-Ka?b-bi-Liq?i-al-Hab?b'. Hereunder, we quote one of these accounts:

?? ??? ???? ???: ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ????: (?? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ????? [3](.

Ibn Abb?s (Radi-Allahu-'anhu) narrates that a Sah?bi sat on a grave (the narration of al-Tirmidhi mention: 'pitched his tent on a grave') not knowing that it was a grave. Suddenly (he heard) a person inside the grave reciting Surah al-Mulk, until he (i.e. the inhabitant of the grave) completed it (i.e. Surah al-Mulk). So, this person came to Nabi (Sallall?hu Alaihi Wa Sallam) and informed him (about this experience). Nabi (Sallall?hu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, "It (i.e. Surah al-Mulk) is the protector and it is the saviour from the punishment of the grave.) (p. 45, D?ru Ya'rab)

We hereby make this du? as well: "Oh Allah, give us the Taufeeq (Divine Guidance) to recite the Qur'?n abundantly in this world, and give us the honour of reciting it in the grave too." ?m?n.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best



[1] [?????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????????? ????? ????????????????.]

)???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ????????? ???? ???????? ??????????) ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????: ????????? ???? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????????????????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????: ????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????. ???? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????.

(???? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? -?? ???????- ?522? ?1? ??? ?????? ?????)

[2] ???? "???? ?????? ????? ??????" ???????. ???: ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????.

[3] ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?45? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????

??? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????:

[???? ???????? ????: ??? ???? ????.]

(???? ??? ???? ????) ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ????.

(????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ?7? ?231? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? - ??????? ??????? - ????? ?????)

??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ????????:

????: (??? ??????? ??????) ?? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ????: ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????.

???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???: ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ????????: ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ????: ??? ????? - ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? - ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? (?112? ?3) ?? ????? ???? ?????: ?? ??? ????? ????? - ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? - ??? ????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????????. ????? ????? ????.

(????? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?1? ?420/421? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????)

 
Is T?weez (Amulet) permissible? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 338 ? Title: Is T?weez (Amulet) permissible?

Question

I am very confused; please answer my query with the Hanafi School of thought. I know all sorts of T?weez (amulet) and magic is Har?m. However, if we want to do Roh?ni Il?j with T?weez, is it permissible?

I know a person who does Il?j of problems, Amaliy?t with T?weez which is not Shirkiya or Kufriya T?weez, is it permissible?

I also have a question of inheritance. We are 6 brothers and 2 sisters, how will we divide the jewellery of my mother amongst ourselves and our father?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

Your understanding that all types of T?weez (amulets) are Har?m is incorrect. Hereunder is the correct understanding of T?weez as written by Mufti Ebrahim Desai Sahib available on the following link: http://askimam.org/fatwa/fatwa.php?askid=835d2591c5e5947d83c38e62086efdd2

Hereunder we reproduce the Fatw? for purpose of easy reference.

Treating oneself with T?weez containing verses of the Qur?n is similar to treating oneself with medication. By using medication, one merely places his trust in All?h Ta??la and uses the medication as a means of cure. The effect in the means is with the Will and might of All?h Ta??la, so too is the usage of the T?weez.

The art of making T?weez is a science independent to other known sciences. People who have studied this science are most knowledgeable to explain its vast understanding. One thing must be outlined at the outset is that anyone practicing the making of T?weez cannot ascribe (in his method and application) partners with All?h Ta??la. Any act of Kufr is unacceptable in Islam.

The people during the time of J?hiliyya (ignorance) had an incorrect belief that the stars and planets cause rainfall, but the Prophet Sallall?hu ?layhi Wasallam dismissed that. The drawings and illustrations used in T?weez are like the concepts used in geometry, etc. to arrive at a solution.

Abu Khuzaymah Radhiall?hu Anhu narrates from his father that he asked Rasulullah Sallall?hu ?layhi Wasallam ?Inform me about Rukiy? (blowing in water and T?weez), medication, and means of security, does it change Taqdeer (predestination)? He replied, ?they (all the above) are within Taqdeer?.[1]

It is clear from the above that only T?weezes containing words of Kufr and Shirk are Har?m.

If by Roh?ni Il?j you mean restlessness and uneasiness you may have yourself checked up by an aamil who may prescribe T?weez for you.

Regarding your second query, according to the Islamic law of Inheritance, first the expenses of the burial will be deducted from the estate and then the debts will be settled. From the wealth that remains, if the deceased had bequeathed any wealth to someone (other than those who inherit), it will be accepted from ? of the estate. Thereafter, the remainder estate will be distributed amongst the inheritors in according to the explanation mentioned below.

We have been advised that the deceased was survived by the following relatives:

Husband?????????????? 6 Sons?????????????????? 2 Daughters

As per the information provided in the query and on condition that the deceased was not succeeded by any other heirs besides the ones mentioned in the query, the estate of the deceased will be divided into 56 shares and distributed amongst the heirs as follows:

The distribution the estate will be as follows:

Husband:????????????????????????????????? 14/56????????? 25%

Each Son:???????????????????????????????? 6/56??????????? 10.7%

Each Daughter:??????????????????????? 3/56??????????? 5.3%

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best



[1] ?????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????: ?????????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ???? ????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ?????: ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????: ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ????????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ???????????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????: ????? ???? ?????? ????????: ????? ??????? ??????.. ??? ???????4/399 ????? ?????? ?????? ???

 
Somebody called me ?Allah?, what do I do? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 336 ? Title: Somebody called me ?Allah?, what do I do?

Question

2 days ago I was talking to one person and one of the non Muslims called me by the name of Allah because he did not know my name. I should not have given him any attention but accidently I attended to his call.? Later on I realised he had called me by the name of Allah.? What are the implications of this? What shall I do?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

By somebody addressing you with the name of Allah has no impact or effect on your Im?n or actions.? The non-muslim addressed you with the name of Allah as he did not know your name.? The only way he could get your attention was with the name of Allah as you reminded him of Allah.

Hence do not worry at all about what happened.? Carry on with practicing on d?n and do not let shayt?n bother you.? Shayt?n just wants to distract you.? Everything is fine.? You have not done anything wrong.? Do not worry or be scared.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

 
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