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Is it permissible for women to wear Niqab and give Sadaqah in the state of Ihram? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 93 – Title: Is it permissible for women to wear Niqab and give Sadaqah in the state of Ihram?

Question

While performing Hajj is it necessary that the Niqaab of a women does not touch her face while she is in Ihraam?

Can she give some charity if she finds this difficult?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Leaving the face uncovered is part of the woman’s Ihram.  Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam has said:

“The Ihram of a female is in her face and the Ihram of a man is in his head.”
(Sunan Ad-Daru Qutni, Hadith No. 2761)[1]

In these times of corruption and evil, it is advisable that a woman in Ihram covers her face in such a way that the covering cloth (niqab) does not touch the face.

That is by wearing a cap and drawing the niqab from a distance away from the face.  However if we suppose the niqab does end up touching the face, then charity equivalent to the amount of Sadaqatul Fitr is due.  And if she wears niqab whilst touching her face for a complete day, a Damm (sacrificed animal) is due. [2]  [3]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


[1]  إِحْرَامُ الْمَرْأَةِ فِي وَجْهِهَا وَإِحْرَامُ الرَّجُلِ فِي رَأْسِهِ (دار قطني, رقم الحديث 2761, مؤسسة الرسالة)

[2]  وليس للمراة ان تنتقب وتغطي وجهها فان فعلت ذالك يوما كاملا فعليها دم (الجوهرة النيرة,ج 1, ص 218: مير محمد كتب خانه)
[3]  (فان فعلت) اي ما ذكر من تغطية الوجه (يوما فعليها دما, وفي الاقل صدقة)
(حاشية ارشاد الساري الي مناسك الملا علي القاري, ص 438: مؤسسة الريان)

 
What's the ruling if a woman makes tawaf al-ziyarah in the state of haydh ? Please reply with reference. PDF Print E-mail

Q: 92 – Title: What's the ruling if a woman makes tawaf al-ziyarah in the state of haydh ? Please reply with reference.

Question

What's the ruling if a woman makes tawaf al-ziyarah in the state of haydh? Please reply with reference.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

As long as a woman cannot perform the tawaf al-ziyarah due to her haydh there is no penalty for her in delaying it even if she does it after its time has passed (sunset on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah.) [i] [ii]

If a woman performs tawaf al-ziyarah while in haydh then in such a case it is wajib for her to repeat that tawaf in a state of purity as long as she is present in Makkah. Repeating the tawaf will erase the penalty that would otherwise have been wajib on her for making tawaf al-ziyarah while in haydh.

However if she does not repeat the tawaf al-ziyarah which she had performed while in haydh  the tawaf will still be valid, but a penalty of one camel or one cow will now have to be given within the precincts of the Haram. [iii] [iv]

She should also make istighfar for entering Masjid Al-Haram and doing tawaf in haydh. [v]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mawlana Sohail ibn Arif
Student, Darul Iftaa
U.S.A
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

معلم الحجاج ص 180 إدارة إسلاميات [i]

عصر حاضر كي بشيدة مسائل أور أن كا حل،1/ 144 ألطاف اند سنز [ii]

معلم الحجاج ص 245/244 إدارة إسلاميات [iii]
ولو طاف طواف الزيارة محدثا فعليه شاة، وإن كان جنبا فعليه بدنة وكذا لو طاف أكثره جنبا أو محدثا والأفضل [iv]

أن يعيد الطواف ما دام بمكة ولا ذبح عليه والأصح أن يعيد في الحدث ندبا وفي الجنابة وجوبا ثم إن أعاده وقد طاف محدثا لا دم عليه، وإن أعاده بعد أيام النحر، وإن أعاده وقد طاف جنبا في أيام النحر لا شيء عليه، وإن أعاده بعد أيام النحر يجب الدم عند أبي حنيفة - رحمه الله تعالى - بالتأخير كذا في الكافي وتسقط عنه البدنة
الفتاوى الهندية، الباب الثامن في الجنايات 1/245 دار الفكر
أحكام حيض ونفاس واستحاضة مع حج وعمرة مي خواتين كي مسائل مخصوصة,-93/94 [v]
جامعة خلفاء راشدين كراتشي

 
Should I perform Haj or first clear my debts? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 90 – Title: Should I perform Haj or first clear my debts?

Question

I am working in a company in Saudi Arabia, and I want to perform Hajj this year.  So I need your guidance pertaining to whether I should perform Hajj or first clear my debts.  Because I don’t want to leave this time without performing Hajj.

Actually I have some debts (like Credit Card dues and personal loans from the bank).  In fact I borrowed these debts to pay in installments since the last 5 years and I paid up to 2 years.  Due to some unseen financial crisis, I became a defaulter and that which is balanced after my payment is increased and doubled with their interests.  So I came to Saudi Arabia for work and to execute this situation. Now my situation is better than earlier.  Also I spoke with one of my friendly lawyers to help me settle these financial debts through the mutual understanding in a onetime settlement with the concern banks.  So I hope when I will go to my annual in the month of November (after this Hajj season) Insha Allah I will close all my debts.

I will be very grateful if you guide me as to what I should do earlier?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

At the outset we wish to point out that interest is haram and disastrous.  Allah Ta’ala states in the Glorious Quran:
و ذروا ما بقي من الربي ان كنتم مؤمنين oفان لم تفعلوا فاذنوا بحرب من الله و رسوله
“And give up what still remains of the riba if you are believers. But if you do not, then listen to the declaration of war from Allah and his Messenger” [i]

In Sahih al-Bukhari, Imam Bukhari rahimahullah presents a narration where in Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam was shown various types of punishments. Hereunder is a part of the narration.

فانطلقنا حتى أتينا على نهر من دم فيه رجل قائم على وسط النهر رجل بين يديه حجارة فأقبل الرجل الذي في النهر فإذا أراد أن يخرج رمى الرجل بحجر في فيه فرده حيث كان فجعل كلما جاء ليخرج رمى في فيه بحجر فيرجع كما كان فقلت ماهذا قالا انطلق(صحيح البخاري رقم الحديث 1320)
So we continued until we came to a river filled with blood.  In the midst of the river there was a man standing and another man who had a rock in front of him.So the man in the river proceeded to the side to leave the river, but as soon as he came, the man with the rock threw it on his face, returning him back to where he initiated from.  So whenever he intended to leave he was hit with the rock, returning him back to where he started from.  So I asked,“Who is this?” So the two replied, “proceed further”.
(Sahih-al-Bukhari, Hadith # 1320)

Then Nabi sallallahu alaihi wasallam was informed that this individual in the river was involved in interest.  The Hadith goes on to mention:

والذي رأيته في النهر آكلوا الربا
The one you saw in the river was one who was involved in interest.
(Ibid)

You should turn to Allah in repentance forengaging in the sin of interest and make lots of istighfar. Allah’s messenger sallallahu alaihi wasallam has said

مَنْ لَزِمَ الاِسْتِغْفَارَ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مِنْ كُلِّ ضِيقٍ مَخْرَجًا وَمِنْ كُلِّ هَمٍّ فَرَجًا وَرَزَقَهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لاَ يَحْتَسِبُ
(سنن ابي داود رقم الحديث 1520)
The one who is abundant in istigfar, Allah will create for him an exit from every narrow path, an opening from every distress, and Allah will sustain him from where he could not imagine.
. (SunanAbiDawood, Hadith # 1520 )

Make a firm intention to abandon interest and never to deal with it in the future.

As for your inquiry, you have stated that your debts are still unpaid, but are soon to be settled.  As a general rule, it will be permissible to perform Hajj despite being indebted, as long as you are readily paying the installments.  Otherwise it would be Waajib to attain permission from the lender before the journey. If permission was not sought, then the obligation of Hajj would be fulfilled, but this action would be MakroohTahrimi (close to being Haram).[ii] [iii]

With regards to your situation, since your debts are to be soon settled and you are currently in Saudi Arabia, we advise that you perform your Hajj and continuously make efforts to pay your debts.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[i]سورة بقرة – اية279
[ii]Aap Ke Masaail Aur Un Kaa Hal, vol. 4, page 34
[iii]فتاوى رحيمية ج 8 ص 45-46

 
Without performing Tawaf-e-Ziyarat, will wife be Halal or Haram? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 91 – Title: Without performing Tawaf-e-Ziyarat, will wife be Halal or Haram?

Question

Molana Sahib, if a person did not perform Tawaf-e-Ziyarat, is his wife Haram for him?

Second question is that I performed Tawaf-e¬-Ziyarat in the Hajj of 2009. Now I have doubts whether I had Wudhu or not. Because of shahwat and the rush during Tawaf, I think that some drops of Mazi came out.  What should we do know?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Alhamdulillah, fear of Allah and inquisitivity to find out the correct ruling are signs of Iman.  We ask Allah Ta’alaa to increase your Iman and grant you steadfastness. Ameen.

1)     If a Muhrim (one in the state of Ihram) did not perform Tawaf-e-Ziyarat, then his wife will remain impermissible for him until he performs Tawaaf.  This ruling will be valid even if the Muhrim does not perform Tawaf his whole life. [i]

2)     Since you are not sure whether you broke Wudhu or not, your Wudhu was still intact. The mere doubt of wudhu breaking will not render your Wudhu invalid. [ii]  Nevertheless, even if we suppose your Wudhu was invalidated, then still your Tawaaf would be fulfilled and your wife would be permissible for you. But in that case, if the major part of Tawaf was performed without Wudho i.e. 4 or more rounds, then Damm (sacrificed animal) would be due.  And if less than half of the Tawaf was performed without Wudhu, then half Saa’ of wheat (half Saa’ is equivalent to 1.632 kg) would be due in lieu of each round performed without Wudhu.  And if the Muhrim later performs Tawaf with Wudhu, the Damm and Sadaqa would not have to be given. [iii] [iv] [v]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


[i]  ولو لم يطف اصلا لا يحل له النساء و ان طالت و مضت سنون باجماع (رد المحتار, ج 2, ص 518)
[ii]  اليقين لا يزول با الشك (الاشباه و النظائر, ص 60, مكتبة مصطفي الباز)
[iii] يجب أن يعلم بأن الطواف عندنا صحيح بدون الطهارة، فالطهارة ليست من   شرائط الطواف عندنا، بل هي من واجباته، وترك الواجب لا يمنع الاعتداد، أما يوجب النقصان إلا أن في الجنب يجب الإعادة، ما دام بمكة، وفي المحدث صحت الإعادة ولا تجب؛ لأن النقصان المتمكن في الطواف (178ب1) بسبب الجنابة، وصار طواف الجنب كالمعدوم من وجه، ولم...... عن النقصان في الطواف بسبب الحدث، فلم يعتبر طواف بسبب الحدث فلم يعتبر طواف المحدث كالمعدوم من وجه، فاستحب الإعادة في طواف المحدث، ووجبت الإعادة في طواف الجنب، لهذا فإن أعاد طواف الزيارة، إن أعاده في وقته فلا شيء عليه. (المحيط البرهانى, ج 3, ص 451)
[iv]  فتاوي رحيمية, ج 8, ص109  
[v]  و لو طاف للزيارة كله, او اكثره محدثا, فعليه شاة, و يعيد طاهرا استحبابا..........و لو طاف اقله محدثا ولم يعد, فعليه لكل شوط نصف صاع الا اذا بلغت قيمتهه دما, فينقص منه ما شاء ( غنية الناسك, ص 272, ادارة القران و العلوم الاسلامية)

 
What is the validity of haj which was paid using money which my wife received through inheritance? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 89 – Title: What is the validity of haj which was paid using money which my wife received through inheritance?

Question

I hope this mail finds you in the best of health.

I got married with a girl in 1987. Her real father expired few months after, thus she and her younger sister recieved two third (2/3) of the pension fund from his government office.

In 1992 my mother in law and her family (i.e two daughters from the first husband and a daughter and young son (who was not adult at that time) from her present husband) made a program at my home to go to hajj this year. They asked for my assistance in obtaining the Hajj approval and in the process I got approval from President of Pakistan, hence the president secretariat released a quota for six persons by name to hajj office for further process. I also got special approval for our seven month daughter from the minister for Hajj.

My mother in-law paid the total cost of Hajj for six adults and 10% ticket cost for the infant daughter.Since my mother- in-law had relatives in Makkah where all of us could stay, I asked the concerned party to refund the cost of living and travel expenses except air tickets and haj agent fee in Saudi Arabia. Out of the total cost of Rs 39000 per person the hajj department returned about Rs29000per person. At that time I didn’t have the resources to pay the cost incurred on Haj. I was the only MAHRAM in the group.

My wife latter informed me that she used the funds out of inheritance received from her father’s death.

Now a friend has informed me that your Hajj in 1992 would be considered as a nafli haj and that I need to preform another hajj from my own funds. May I know where I stand on this matter? If I am living in Saudi Arabia due to the job of my wife and we want to go for Hajj this year. What will be my position for this coming Hajj?'

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

The hajj performed in 1991 is valid and will be considered as your fardh hajj.

If you perform hajj this year, it will be considered as Nafl Hajj[2].

[1] شرح ملا علي القاري علي لباب المناسك ( ص 13 / طبعة قديمة )
(فإن قبل المال وجب) أي عليه الحج إجماعا .
الفتاوى التاترخانية ( ص 471 / ج 3 / مكتبة زكريا )
وإن كان صحيح البدن إلا أنه لا يملك الزاد والراحلة لكن بذل له الغير الزاد والراحلة في طريق الحج، ومعناه أنه أباح له غيره لا تثبت الاستطاعة عندنا .
الفتاوى التاترخانية ( ص 475 / ج 3 / مكتبة زكريا )
الخانية: وإن لم يكن لها محرم لا يجب عليها أن تتزوج ليحج بها كما لا يجب علي الفقير اكتساب المال لأجل الحج، ويجب عليها النفقة والراحلة في مالها للمحرم ليحج بها، م: وروى الحسن عن أبي حنيفة في المرأة القادرة علي نفقة نفسها ونفقة المحرم أن الحج يفترض عليها ، وأكثر المتأخرين علي أنها إذا وجدت محرما لا تكون عليها نفقته يفترض عليها الحج، وإلا فلا .
كتاب الفتاوى ( ص 109 / ج 4 / زمزم )
[2] حاشية قره كمال علي شرح الوقاية ( ص 188 / ج 1 / مخطوط )
وذكر في الكافي ولا يجب في العمرة إلا مرة لأن الأقرع بن حابس قال يا رسول الله أحج في عام أو مرة فقال (( بل مرة فما زاد فتطوع ))

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mawlana Mohammad Patel
Zambia.
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 
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