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My work area is mostly of Christians but my manager is a Muslim. What he does is he gives gifts to everyone on Christmas including me. I told him not to but his argument was that to take it and consider it as an yearly gift, not as a Christmas gift. But s PDF Print E-mail

Q. 349: My work area is mostly of Christians but my manager is a Muslim. What he does is he gives gifts to everyone on Christmas including me. I told him not to but his argument was that to take it and consider it as an yearly gift, not as a Christmas gift. But still the only reason he is actually giving gifts is because it  s Christmas, no gifts are exchanged on eid and i dont want to seem rude so i give him a gift back too. So can we accept?and exchange gifts or should I wisely refuse to take it.

Ans.: It is not permissible to celebrate or take part in any of the festivals of the non-Muslims. However, it is permissible to accept their gifts on such days as long as they are not impure or something prohibited by Shariah.

Fatawa Mahmoodiyah Vol.18 Pg.174/5 (Jami?ah Farooqiyah)
Aapke masail aur Unka Hal Vol.1 Pg.67 (Maktabah Bayyinat)

In the context of the abovementioned, it will be permissible to accept the gift from your boss, especially when he is a Muslim and he is saying that it is a yearly gift.

It will also be permissible for you to give a gift back to him, as long as you do not make intention of celebrating Christmas, but just give it to keep the relationship.

However, you should also explain to your boss that if he is giving these gifts to celebrate Christmas or to honour the Christians, it will be regarded as a grave sin.

Allah knows Best

Darul Iftaa,Madressa In'aamiyah

 
Attending Barelwi Gatherings & Kissing The Thumbs During Azaan PDF Print E-mail

Q: 348 Title: Attending Barelwi Gatherings & Kissing The Thumbs During Azaan

Question

I have always been brought up with the Deobandi school of thought, however my I have friends from a barelvi background who celebrate the mawlid, the prophets birthday, go to niaz gatherings where food is blessed and going to a place whereby a hair supposedly the prophets is displayed and zikr is performed.

I have tried to explain to them that non of the above was practiced in the time of the prophet or the salafs, but was added later on, however what is the evidence that can be provided to them as many believe that the prophet comes to the gatherings they conduct. Also is there any proof of kissing the thumbs and the eyes during azaan when the prophets name is mentioned?

Can you please let me know. I have tried to explain to them, but having an official view would be beneficial.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu 'alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

You raise two issues in your question:

1. Attending Barelwi gatherings

2. Kissing the thumbs during Azaan

1. As Muslims, we display the highest love and respect for Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).

Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:

"None of you truly believes until I am more beloved to him than his father, his children and mankind in its entirety." (Bukhari 1/14 and Muslim 1/49)

Shariah strictly prohibits all forms of innovations, false practices and beliefs.

Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said:"Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (i.e., Islaam), it will be rejected" (Saheeh Al-Bukhari 7/146, Dar Ibn Katheer)

The celebration of the mawlid, Niaz and Urs are innovations (Bid?ah) having no basis in Deen. Neither were they the practice of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam , the companions, tabi'een, pious predecessors or the Ai'mmah Mujtahideen celebrate this occasion.

The great scholar, Allamah Anwar Shah Al-Kashmiri (May Allah Ta'ala be pleased with him) has said regarding Mawlid,

"A sufi innovated it in the era of Sultan Irbil around the year 600 A.H, and it does not have any basis in our pure Shariah."

Historians state that the first person to introduce the innovation (bid'a) of celebrating the Milad was the ruler of Irbil, Muzaffar ad-Din ibn Zain al-Din. This was six centuries after the period of prophet hood.

Allaamah Muizzuddin Hasan Khwaarzimi (rahmatullah alayh) states in his book, Al-Qawl al Mu'tamad,

"The Ruler of Irbal, King Muzaffar Abu Saeed Kaukari, was an irreligious and prodigal king. He ordered the scholars of his time to act according to their opinions and discard the practice of following any school of law. A group of learned men inclined towards him. He (this king) organized Mawlood sessions during the month of Rabi al Awwal. He was the first king ever to introduce this practice."

Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani (May Allah Ta'ala have mercy on him) has commented on him,


"He was a follower of the Zahiri school of thought and often slandered the scholars and the scholars of the past. He possessed an evil tongue and was stupid, self-conceited, lacked insight in religious matters, and looked down upon religion." (Lisan al-Mizan, 4/296)

There are various impermissible practices and beliefs that occur within such Barelwi Mawlid, niaz, urs gatherings:

1. Considering such gatherings to be necessary

2. To regard such gatherings to be more important than a Fardh

3. To fix specific dates for such gatherings

4. To have the belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) attends such gatherings and observes all the activities of such gatherings and is omnipresent (Hazir Wa Nazir).

Such a belief is totally impermissible and polytheistic. Only Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta?ala) is omnipresent (Hazir Wa Nazir). This is an independent and exclusive quality of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) which can never be shared with anyone.

The correct belief is that the Durood and Salwaat recited upon Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) are conveyed to Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) via the medium of the angels.

The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassalaam) said: "Verily, Allah has angels that travel the Earth and convey my Ummah's salutations to me" (al-Darami)

The Prophet (SalAllahu Alahi Wassalaam) said: "My life is good for you [since] you commit acts and its verdicts are given to you [through me]. And my death is [also] good for you [since] your deeds are presented to me. I praise Allah for the good I see and I ask Him for your forgiveness for the evil I see" (al-Ahadith al-Muntaqah, Pg. 91)

It is clear and evident that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) does not hear the Durood recited upon him directly nor does He attend such gatherings where Durood is recited upon him.

5. Generally, various fabricated narrations (Madhoo'at) are mentioned in such gatherings which are totally impermissible.

6. Generally, women also attend such gatherings leading to intermingling of the genders.

There are various other incorrect and impermissible activities perpetrated in such filthy and impure gatherings.

2. When the Mu'azzin says "Ashadu Anna Muhammadun Rasool Allah", one should repeat the exact wordings of the Mu'azzin without any additions or alterations. This is the teaching of Rasullullah (Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). We should always follow the Sunnah of Rasullullah (Sallallahu ALayhi Wa Sallam).

The practice of kissing one's thumb and rubbing it on one's eyes after "Ashadu Anne Muhammadan Rasool Allah" in the Azaan has been documented in the Hadeeth as follows:

"He who kisses the finger nails of his thumb when hearing Ashadu Anna Muhamman Rasool Allah, I shall admit him into Jannah"

Allamah Shawkani (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) has classified the above Hadeeth as Mawdhoo (fabricated).

Allamah Ibn Abidin Shami (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) quotes "There is no authentic Marfoo Hadeeth regarding this practice"

Mulla Ali Qari (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) has quoted the same Hadeeth with a slight variation as follows:

"Rasullullah (Sallallahu ALayhi Wa Sallam) wiped his eyes with the inner portion of his fore fingers after kissing them when hearing the Mu'azzin saying "Ashadu Anna Muhammadun Rasool Allah together with Ashadu Anna Muhammadan Abduhu Wa Rasuluhu, Radhitu Billahi Rabba wa Bil Islami Deena wa Bi Muhammad Sallallahu ALayhi Wa Sallam Nabiyya"

Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatullahi Alayhi) has classified the above Hadeeth as Mawdhoo (fabricated).

It is evident from the above explanation that the practice of kissing one's thumb and rubbing it on one's eyes after "Ashadu Anne Muhammadan Rasool Allah" in the Azaan is a fabricated and baseless practice having no status in the Shariah.

There are many other impermissible and sinful elements found in the beliefs and practices of the Barelwis. You should advise your Barelwi friends on the impermissibility of such practices in the most diplomatic and wise manner.

You may read the following books for more information on the practices and ideology of the Barelwis:

1. 'Mutala'ah Barelwi' by Dr. Allama Khalid Mahmood

2. 'Who Are the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaa' by Mufti AH Elias

3. 'Deoband Se Barelwi Tak' by Moulana Abu Awsaf

4. 'Barelwi Fitna ka Naya Roup' by Muhammad Arif

5. Tajalliyyate Safdar by Hadhrat Allamah Sarfaraz Khan Safdar Saheb

6. Ilme Ghaib by Hazrath Qari Muhammed Tayyib Saheb

And Allah Taa'la Knows Best

Ismail Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa
Durban, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 
Are the sifat (Attributes) of Allah Ta'ala eternal and everlasting? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 347 Title: Are the sifat (Attributes) of Allah Ta'ala eternal and everlasting?

Question

a/w Mufti Saab.

I have faith and believe that Allah is eternal and everlasting, but does all sifat(all attributes) of allah are also eternal and everlasting (without beginning or end; lasting forever; always existing)

I would appreciate If you can clear me ?by giving the reference of quran and hadis in details.

Lots of Thanks.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

As-salamu alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh

Just as the Dhat (Being) of Allah Ta'ala is eternal and everlasting, so are His sifat (Attributes OF His Being) eternal and everlasting.

Imam Abu Ja'far al-Tahaw

imentions in his book of 'Aqidah (beliefs):

"Allah Ta'ala always had His sifat (Attributes) without any beginning, before His Creation; none of His Sifat (Attributes) increased by the Creation becoming what they were not before them (being created)(i.e. non-existent); and like how He always had His sifat (Attributes) without any beginning, similarly, He will always remain having them, forever."

Imam Abu Hanifah mentions in his book, al-Fiqh al-Akbar:

"(Allah Ta'ala) always had and will always have His Attributes and His Names. No new attribute or new name later occurred for Him. He was always knowing by His Knowledge, and knowledge is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) powerful by His Power, and power is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a speaker by His Speech, and speech is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a creator by His Creating, and creating is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and (was always) a doer by His Doing, and doing is an attribute (of His) without any beginning; and the doer is only Allah Ta'ala, and doing is an attribute (of His) without any beginning, and that which is done is a creation, and Allah?s Ta'ala doing is not a creation; and His Attributes, which are such that they do not have a beginning, are not an invention nor a creation.?

Furthermore, all the attributes of Allah Ta'ala are perfect. If one says that the attributes of Allah Ta'ala are not eternal and everlasting, then this would be tantamount to saying that Allah Ta'ala was not perfect at some time, as He did not have His perfect attributes at that time (We seek the protection of Allah Ta??l? from such a belief or statement.)

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

 

 
Why do Muslims don't get baptized whereas they believe in Jesus? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 341 ? Title: Why do Muslims don't get baptized whereas they believe in Jesus?

Question

assalaamu alaikum..
my friend asked me a question that "muslims say that no muslim is a muslim until they believe jesus christ(pbuh) and follow him........if that is true why muslims didn't get baptized?????

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu 'alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

As Muslims, we believe in Eesa (Jesus) (Alayhi al- Salaam). We believe that Eesa (Jesus) (Alayhi al- Salaam) is a prophet of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) having reached a very lofty position and status. Belief in the prophethood of Eesaa (Jesus) (Alayhi al- Salaam) is an integral part of Eemaan (true faith).

Allah (Ta'ala) says:

"The Messiah, Eesa (Jesus) is only but a messenger of Allah" (Al Qur?an, 4: 171)

As Muslims, We attest to the original unaltered Torah (gospel of Moses) and the original bible (the gospel of Jesus) since they were revealed by Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) to his prophets. However, none of these original scriptures are in existence today, in their entirety.

Therefore, as Muslims, we follow the subsequent, final, and true religion, Islam.

The concept of "Baptism" is foreign and alien to the teachings of Islam; therefore, we do not practice "Baptism" in Islam.

Moreover, in light of the many contradictions, distortions and errata contained in the Bible, it will not be sensible to follow the Bible and its teachings.

And Allah knows best.

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Ismail Desai,
Durban, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved 
Mufti Ebrahim Desai


 
Why is it Haraam to say "Ya Muhammad"? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 346 - Title: Why is it Haraam to say "Ya Muhammad"?

Question

Why saying YA Muhammad is consider Shirk or Haram? Some scholars say that saying YA Muhammad is shirk or haram because of the prefix 'Ya' means present since the prophet is not present everywhere that's why it is considered Haram?
But According to Arabic Grammar prefix YA can be used for both near and far person (Jaamin Durood Arabin vol.2 pg.106). Then Why it is said so?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu 'alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

In principle, if one says 'Ya Rasool al-Allah' or 'Ya Muhammed' with the belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) hears every sound, sees every action, etc, then it is impermissible and constitutes Shirk (polytheism).

If one believes that the words 'Ya Rasullullah' or 'Ya Muhammed' are being sent to Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) via the angels in the form of Durood and Salaam, then it is permissible for one to say such words.

However, if one utters such wordings out of extreme love for Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) without the incorrect belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) listens to every word, sees us, etc, then it is merely Mubah (permissible) for one to utter such words.

Nevertheless, since many people have the incorrect belief that Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is Hadhir and Nadhir (omnipresent), knower of the unseen or that Rasullullah (Sallalalhu Alayhi Wa Sallam) listens to one who pronounces the words 'Ya Muhammed' or 'Ya Rasullullah', it is highly advisable that one refrains from uttering such words.

The reference that you have quoted is unclear. In all probability, you are referring to "Jami al-Duroos al-Arabiyyah".

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

Ismail Desai,
Student Darul Iftaa
Durban, South Africa

Checked and Concurred by,
Moulana Abdul Azeem Bin Abdul Rahmaan

Student Darul Iftaa

 

 
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