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Is a menstruating lady allowed to perform Tawaf Al-Ziyarah after the twelfth of Dhul-Hijjah? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 98 – Title: Is a menstruating lady allowed to perform Tawaf Al-Ziyarah after the twelfth of Dhul-Hijjah?

Question

I know that a woman can perform all the arkan of Fardh Hajj during her periods except Tawaf Al-Ziyarah. The Tawaf Al-Ziyarah can be performed from the tenth to the twelfth of Dhul-Hijjah.  My question is that if a woman is impure in these days, can she do Tawaf Al-Ziyarah after these days and will her Fardh Hajj be completed?

Secondly, can I send my uncle for Hajj on behalf of my late parents?  Will it be considered Hajj-Badal even though my uncle has never gone for Hajj before?
Thirdly, I am working in an IT distribution company.  Is my income Halal as I have to interact with males?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

1.      A menstruating female must perform Tawaf Al-Ziyarah whenever she becomes pure.  Her Fardh Hajj is valid. [1]

2.      It is better for one who has already fulfilled his Fardh Hajj to perform Hajj on behalf of the deceased.  However, if it performed by one who has not yet fulfilled his Fardh Hajj, the Hajj on behalf of the deceased is still valid. [2]

3.      Your income is Halal.  Ensure that you adhere completely to the Shari’ laws of Hijab and that your interaction with men is limited only to work related issues.
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1]  قُلْت: وَبِالْأَخِيرِ صَرَّحَ فِي شَرْحِ اللُّبَابِ وَذَلِكَ كُلُّهُ مَفْهُومٌ مِنْ قَوْلِ الْبَحْرِ عَنْ الْمُحِيطِ إذَا طَهُرَتْ فِي آخِرِ أَيَّامِ النَّحْرِ فَإِنْ أَمْكَنَهَا الطَّوَافُ قَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ وَلَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَعَلَيْهَا دَمٌ لِلتَّأْخِيرِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُمْكِنْهَا طَوَافُ أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْوَاطٍ فَلَا شَيْءَ عَلَيْهَا اهـ فَإِنَّ إمْكَانَ الطَّوَافِ لَا يَكُونُ إلَّا بَعْدَ الِاغْتِسَالِ وَقَطْعِ الْمَسَافَةِ. وَفِي الْبَحْرِ أَيْضًا: وَلَوْ حَاضَتْ بَعْدَمَا قَدَرَتْ عَلَى الطَّوَافِ فَلَمْ تَطُفْ حَتَّى مَضَى الْوَقْتُ لَزِمَهَا الدَّمُ لِأَنَّهَا مُقَصِّرَةٌ بِتَفْرِيطِهَا اهـ أَيْ بَعْدَمَا قَدَرَتْ عَلَى أَرْبَعَةِ أَشْوَاطٍ. زَادَ فِي اللُّبَابِ فَقَوْلُهُمْ لَا شَيْءَ عَلَيْهَا لِتَأْخِيرِ الطَّوَافِ مُقَيَّدٌ بِمَا إذَا حَاضَتْ فِي وَقْتٍ لَمْ تَقْدِرْ عَلَى أَكْثَرِ الطَّوَافِ أَوْ حَاضَتْ قَبْلَ أَيَّامِ النَّحْرِ وَلَمْ تَطْهُرْ إلَّا بَعْدَ مُضِيِّهَا، لَكِنَّ إيجَابَ الدَّمِ فِيمَا لَوْ حَاضَتْ فِي وَقْتِهِ بَعْدَ مَا قَدَرَتْ عَلَيْهِ مُشْكِلٌ. لِأَنَّهُ لَا يَلْزَمُهَا فِعْلُهُ فِي أَوَّلِ الْوَقْتِ، نَعَمْ يَظْهَرُ ذَلِكَ فِيمَا لَوْ عَلِمَتْ وَقْتَ حَيْضِهَا فَأَخَّرَتْهُ عَنْهُ تَأَمَّلْ. . (رد المحتار, ج 2, ص 519, سعيد)
معلم الحجاج, ص 172, مكتبة العلم
[2]  البحر العميق في مناسك المعتمر والحاج, ج 4, ص 2267, المكتبة المكية
Aap Ke Mas?il Aur un Ka Hal, Vol. 4, page 68: Maktabah Ludhyanwi

 
Can I take my wife's neice for umrah and be her wali? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 97 – Title: Can I take my wife's neice for umrah and be her wali?

Question

I have a niece who is my brother in-law’s daughter who is twelve years old and has been living with me for eleven years. I am sixty one years old and intend to go for Umrah. Can I take her along and be her Wali. What has the Shariah to say on this.

Twelve years old and has been living with me for eleven years. I am sixty one years old and intend to go for Umrah. Can I take her along and be her Wali. What has the Shariah to say on this.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu `alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Our understanding of the relationship enquired about in your query as “niece” is: the wife’s brother’s daughter.

In actual fact, the girl in reference is your wife’s niece. You are not her Mahram.

It will not be permissible for her to accompany you nor are you her Wali (legal Shar’ee guardian).[1]

Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explicitly prohibited women from travelling beyond the Shar’ee Safar distance without a Mahram or husband.[2]

And Allah knows best.

Ismail Desai,
Durban, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
daruliftaa.net

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1و من جملة ذلك المصاهرة قال محمد في الاصل اذا وطئ الرجل امراته بنكاح او ملك او فجور حرم عليه امها و ابنتها.المحيط البرهاني.86/4.ادارة القران.
المصاهرة يحرم بها فروع نساءه الدخول بهن و ان نزلت امهات الزوجات و جداتهن بعقد صحيح و ان علون.فتح القدير.117/3.الحقانية.
و تحرم عليه ام زوجته بمجرد العقد الصحيح عليها و ان لم يدخل بها و زوجة فرعها و ان سفل و اصله و ان علا.الاحكام الشرعية في الاحوال الشخصية.87/1.دار السلام.
الخلوة بالاجنبية حرام.الدر المختار.الحظر و الاباحة.368/6.
فتاوي محمودية.94/28.محمودية.
المحرم من لا يجوز له مناكحتها علي التابيد بقرابة او رضاع او مصاهرة.البحر الراءق.551/2.عالمكيرية112/1.
شامي.157/2.
و محرم او زوج لامراة في سفر.248-249/1.كنز الدقاءق.

[2] الصحيح لمسلم.1338.الجامع لالترمذي.1169
414 - (1338) وحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا الضَّحَّاكُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: «لَا يَحِلُّ لِامْرَأَةٍ، تُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ، تُسَافِرُ مَسِيرَةَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ، إِلَّا وَمَعَهَا ذُو مَحْرَمٍ»
[صحيح مسلم 2/ 975]

 
Is it necessary for one to send someone for Haj on his behalf if he has attained enough money only after his sickness? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 95 – Title: Is it necessary for one to send someone for Haj on his behalf if he has attained enough money only after his sickness?
Question
If a person all his life never had enough money to go for Hajj but when he was old and sick he had enough money that made Hajj Fard. Is it Wajib for him to send someone to perform it for him while he is alive.
Answer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-sal?mu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.
In principle, all of the necessary requirements for Hajj have to be met at the same time in order for Hajj to become obligatory.  Therefore, if one does not have sufficient financial means, Hajj is not obligatory even though he is healthy.  In a similar manner, if one has sufficient means for Hajj, but is so sick that he is not capable of performing Hajj, Hajj is neither     mandatory nor does he have to send someone to perform on his behalf.  This is of course for the one who attained sufficient means after he became sick.  However if he attained enough wealth before the sickness, then after the sickness it is mandatory to send someone to perform Hajj on his behalf.  [1]  [2]  [3]
And Allah Ta’?la Knows Best
Mawlana Abdul Azeem bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


[1]  زبدة المناسك مع عمدة المناسك, ص 27-28: سعيد
[2] وَمِنْهَا صِحَّةُ الْبَدَنِ فَلَا حَجَّ على الْمَرِيضِ وَالزَّمِنِ وَالْمُقْعَدِ وَالْمَفْلُوجِ وَالشَّيْخِ الْكَبِيرِ الذي لَا يَثْبُتُ على الرَّاحِلَةِ بِنَفْسِهِ وَالْمَحْبُوسِ وَالْمَمْنُوعِ من قِبَلِ السُّلْطَانِ الْجَائِرِ عن الْخُرُوجِ إلَى الْحَجِّ لِأَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى شَرَطَ الإستطاعة لِوُجُوبِ الْحَجِّ وَالْمُرَادُ منها اسْتِطَاعَةُ التَّكْلِيفِ وَهِيَ سَلَامَةُ الْأَسْبَابِ وَالْآلَاتِ وَمِنْ جُمْلَةِ الْأَسْبَابِ سَلَامَةُ الْبَدَنِ عن الْآفَاتِ الْمَانِعَةِ عن الْقِيَامِ بِمَا لَا بُدَّ منه في سَفَرِ الْحَجِّ لِأَنَّ الْحَجَّ عِبَادَةٌ بَدَنِيَّةٌ فَلَا بُدَّ من سَلَامَةِ الْبَدَنِ وَلَا سَلَامَةَ مع الْمَانِعِ
وَعَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رضي اللَّهُ عنه في قَوْلِهِ عز وجل { من اسْتَطَاعَ إلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا } أَنَّ السَّبِيلَ أَنْ يَصِحَّ بَدَنُ الْعَبْدِ وَيَكُونَ له ثَمَنُ زَادٍ وَرَاحِلَةٍ من غَيْرِ أَنْ يُحْجَبَ وَلِأَنَّ الْقُرَبَ وَالْعِبَادَاتِ وَجَبَتْ بِحَقِّ الشُّكْرِ لِمَا أَنْعَمَ اللَّهُ على الْمُكَلَّفِ فإذا مُنِعَ السَّبَبُ الذي هو النِّعْمَةُ وهو سَلَامَةُ الْبَدَنِ أو الْمَالِ كَيْفَ يُكَلَّفُ بِالشُّكْرِ وَلَا نِعْمَةَ (بدائع الصنائع,ج 2,ص295:المكتبة الرشيدية)

[3]   قوله ( صحيح البدن ) أي سالم عن الآفات المانعة عن القيام بما لا بد منه في السفر فلا يجب على مقعد ومفلوج وشيخ كبير لا يثبت على الراحلة بنفسه وأعمى وإن وجد قائدا ومحبوس وخائف من سلطان لا بأنفسهم ولا بالنيابة في ظاهر المذهب عن الإمام وهو رواية عنهما وظاهر الرواية عنهما وجوب الإحجاج عليهم ويجزيهم إن دام العجز وإن زال أعادوا بأنفسهم (رد المحتار, ج 2, ص 459: سعيد)

 
Can a person who has not yet performed his Fardh Hajj perform Hajj-Badal? If he does, will he be absolved of his Fardh Hajj? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 96 – Title: Can a person who has not yet performed his Fardh Hajj perform Hajj-Badal ? If he does, will he be absolved of his Fardh Hajj?

Question

Can a person who has not yet performed his Fardh Hajj perform Hajj-Badal? If he does, will he be absolved of his Fardh Hajj?

Answer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

It is permissible for a person who has not yet performed his own Fardh Hajj to perform Hajj-Badal (on behalf of someone else). However, this is Makrooh (disliked).[i]
The person who is performing the Hajj-Badal will not be absolved of his Fardh Hajj since he is doing it on behalf of someone else.[ii]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Hannan Nizami,
Student Darul Iftaa
USِA
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia.
www.daruliftaa.net

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[i] الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 257)
وَالْأَفْضَلُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ إذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُحِجَّ رَجُلًا عَنْ نَفْسِهِ أَنْ يُحِجَّ رَجُلًا قَدْ حَجَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ، وَمَعَ هَذَا لَوْ أَحَجَّ رَجُلًا لَمْ يَحُجَّ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ حَجَّةَ الْإِسْلَامِ يَجُوزُ عِنْدَنَا وَسَقَطَ الْحَجُّ عَنْ الْآمِرِ، كَذَا فِي الْمُحِيطِ
المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (2/ 478)
ومع هذا لو أحج رجلاً لم يحج عن نفسه حجة الإسلام يجوز عندنا، وسقط الحج عن الآمر

خير الفتاوي (4/156) مكتبه امداديه
فتاوي محموديه (10/401) ادارة الفاروق
[ii]الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 257)
ثُمَّ الصَّحِيحُ مِنْ الْمَذْهَبِ فِيمَنْ حَجَّ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ أَنَّ أَصْلَ الْحَجِّ يَقَعُ عَنْ الْمَحْجُوجِ عَنْهُ وَلِهَذَا لَا يَسْقُطُ بِهِ الْفَرْضُ عَنْ الْمَأْمُورِ وَهُوَ الْحَاجُّ
الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 178)
ثم ظاهر المذهب أن الحج يقع عن المحجوج عنه
الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 179)
ومن أمره رجلان بأن يحج عن كل واحد منها حجة فأهل بحجة عنهما فهي عن الحاج ويضمن النفقة " لأن الحج يقع عن الأمر حتى لا يخرج الحاج عن حجة الإسلام
بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 212)
وَأَمَّا كَيْفِيَّةُ النِّيَابَةِ فِيهِ، فَذَكَرَ فِي الْأَصْلِ أَنَّ الْحَجَّ يَقَعُ عَنْ الْمَحْجُوجِ عَنْهُ

 
A person left a bequest for Haj to be performed on his behalf, after death, when the will was being executed it was found that Haj was more than 1/3 of that persons wealth. will that person be regarded as sinful? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 94 – Title: A person left a bequest for Haj to be performed on his behalf, after death, when the will was being executed it was found that Haj was more than 1/3 of that persons wealth. will that person be regarded as sinful?

Question

A person left a bequest for Haj to be performed on his behalf, after death, when the will was being executed it was found that Haj was more than 1/3 of that persons wealth. will that person be regarded as sinful?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

If Hajj became fardh (compulsory) on the deceased this year and he had made intention to perform it but he passed away before he could perform it and it was not fardh on him before this year, he will not be sinful for not performing the Hajj because he did not get the time to perform it. However, if Hajj was fardh on him before this year and he delayed it and now passed away, he will be sinful because of not performing Hajj. In this case, it was w?jib (obligatory) for him to leave a bequest for Hajj to be performed on his behalf.

If he did leave a bequest (wasiyyat), it will be fardh on the inheritors to implement this if the cost of Hajj can be fulfilled from 1/3 of the inheritance. If the 1/3 of the inheritance is not enough for Hajj, the inheritors can- if they wish- pay for the surplus from their side. (It should be kept in mind that money cannot be taken from a non-mature (ghair-b?ligh). If the inheritors don’t agree to do this then they should send someone to do Hajj from such a location where the 1/3 would be enough for Hajj.

If the deceased did not leave a bequest there will be no obligation on the inheritors to perform Hajj on his behalf. However, if they decide to pay for it from their own money (albeit from what they received in the inheritance), the deceased will get the reward.[1] [2]

It should be kept in mind that the amount of money to be taken out for Hajj-e-badal is the minimum amount. This means that the Hajj should be Hajj-e-Ifrad and Umrah, Qiran and Tamattu’ should not be performed unless the person who gave the order of Hajj-e-badal permitted it[3]. Also, it should be kept in mind that the default ruling for Hajj-e-badal is that it has to be performed by a person who is in the same place as him. If there is not enough money to perform Hajj from the country of the deceased, one may pay someone closer to the Haram to do the Hajj-e-badal.[4]  [5]In this case they must ensure that the person that is being ordered to perform the Hajj-e-badal is only doing it on behalf of one person.

If there is not enough money left for even this, then the deceased will be sinful for not performing Hajj.

The inheritors may in this case pay and organise for a Hajj-e-badal to be performed on behalf of the deceased and Insha-allah, the person will be alleviated of the sin. Finally, it should be kept in mind that most of the costs of the Hajj have to be incurred by the person who gave the order for the Hajj to be valid.[6]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


[1] فتاوى محمودية, ج, 15, ص.154, مكتبه محمودية
[2] خَرَجَ الْمُكَلَّفُ (إلَى الْحَجِّ وَمَاتَ فِي الطَّرِيقِ وَأَوْصَى بِالْحَجِّ عَنْهُ) إنَّمَا تَجِبُ الْوَصِيَّةُ بِهِ إذَا أَخَّرَهُ بَعْدَ وُجُوبِهِ، أَمَّا لَوْ حَجَّ مِنْ عَامِهِ فَلَا (فَإِنْ فُسِّرَ الْمَالُ) أَوْ الْمَكَانُ...
الدر المختار, ص.173, دار الكتب العلمية
[3] جواهر الفقه, ج.4?, ص.209

[4] فتاوى محمودية, ج.15, ص.???445, مكتبه محمودية
[5] فَإِنْ لم يُبَيِّنْ مَكَانًا يَحُجُّ عنه من وَطَنِهِ عِنْدَ عُلَمَائِنَا وَهَذَا إذَا كان ثُلُثُ مَالِهِ يَكْفِي لِلْحَجِّ من وَطَنِهِ فَأَمَّا إذَا كان لَا يَكْفِي لِذَلِكَ فإنه يَحُجُّ عنه من حَيْثُ يُمْكِنُ الْإِحْجَاجُ عنه بِثُلُثِ مَالِهِ كَذَا في الْمُحِيطِ

[6] جواهر الفقه, ج.4, ص.213

 
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