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Which sandals should be worn during Umrah and Hajj? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 88 – Title: Which sandals should be worn during Umrah and Hajj?

Question

Please advise if the above sandals (pictures attached) can be worn during Umrah and Hajj?

http://www.picupload.org/i/0d1b6361b173.jpg
http://www.picupload.org/i/06b4b851c920.jpg

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,

"He (a person in ihram) should not wear a shirt, nor pants, nor a turban, nor a cap, nor a gown. Nor [should he wear] khuffs unless he cannot find shoes, in which case he should cut them below the ka’b." [1]

There is a difference of opinion regarding the connotation of the word ka’b.  This has resulted in a difference of opinion in the style of the foot gear one should wear.

The ka’b is everything which protrudes.  Specifically, the protruding bone on the ankle and the protruding bone on the upper foot are both referred to as ka’b.[2]

The Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali schools are of the opinion that the word ka’b in the above hadith refers to the ankle.  Hence, for those who adhere to these three schools, they must leave the ankle exposed.[3]

The Hanafi scholars, in particular Imam Muhammad al-Hassan ash-Shaybaani ruled that the ka’b is the instep on the foot.  The reasoning behind this is that as the ankle and instep are both referred to as ka’b; to take the meaning of the instep in this issue will be greater precaution.  Ihraam is a garment of humility which is reflected by being dishevelled, untidy and the exposing of the limbs. Precaution here would be to leave more of the foot exposed, as it coincides with the concept of Ihraam.  Just as the face and head are left exposed, the feet should also be left exposed as much as possible.  In addition, by taking the meaning of the instep, the ankle is also left exposed, so this opinion is encompassing of all opinions.[4]

There is a lot of confusion regarding straps on foot wear which go around the back end of the foot.  Hadhrat Mufti Ahmed Khanpuri (Allah preserve him) has issued a ruling in Mahmud al-fatawa that it is not necessary to have the back end of the foot exposed.  It will be permissible to wear sandals which have a strap covering the back end of the foot.  However, the strap must not cover the area parallel to the ankle at the back of the foot.  If the strap partially covers the area parallel to the ankle, then it will be overlooked.  The main criteria are that the ankle and the instep remain exposed.[5]

In conclusion, according to the Hanafi school of thought, only those sandals will be allowed to be worn in ihram which leave the instep exposed.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz Ibn Adam,
Student of the Darul Iftaa
UK
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1]  قال رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَا يَلْبَسُ الْمُحْرِمُ مِنْ الثِّيَابِ فَقَالَ لَا يَلْبَسْ الْقَمِيصَ وَلَا الْعَمَائِمَ وَلَا السَّرَاوِيلَاتِ وَلَا الْبُرْنُسَ (صحيح البخاري ص 1466 دار ابن كثير)
[2]  الكعب كل ما ارتفع وعلا – العظمان الناشزان عند ملتقى الساق والقدم (معجم لغة الفقهاء ص 382)
[3]  وَقَدْ فَسَّرَ الْجُمْهُورُ الْكَعْبَ الَّذِي يُقْطَعُ الْخُفُّ أَسْفَل مِنْهُ بِأَنَّهُمَا الْعَظْمَانِ النَّاتِئَانِ عِنْدَ مَفْصِل السَّاقِ وَالْقَدَمِ . وَفَسَّرَهُ الْحَنَفِيَّةُ بِالْمَفْصِل الَّذِي فِي وَسَطِ الْقَدَمِ عِنْدَ مَعْقِدِ الشِّرَاكِ . وَوَجْهُهُ أَنَّهُ : " لَمَّا كَانَ الْكَعْبُ يُطْلَقُ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَى النَّاتِئِ حُمِل عَلَيْهِ احْتِيَاطًا (الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية ج 2 ص153)

[4] وَالْكَعْبُ هُنَا الْمَفْصِلُ الذي في وَسَطِ الْقَدَمِ عِنْدَ مَعْقِدِ الشِّرَاكِ فميا رَوَى هِشَامٌ عن محمد بِخِلَافِهِ في الْوُضُوءِ فإنه الْعَظْمُ الناتئ أَيْ الْمُرْتَفِعُ ولم يُعَيَّنْ في الحديث أَحَدُهُمَا لَكِنْ لَمَّا كان الْكَعْبُ يُطْلَقُ عليه وَعَلَى الثَّانِي حَمَلَهُ عليه احْتِيَاطًا كَذَا في فَتْحِ الْقَدِيرِ
أَيْ حَمَلَ الْكَعْبَ في الْإِحْرَامِ على الْمَفْصِلِ الْمَذْكُورِ لِأَجْلِ الِاحْتِيَاطِ لِأَنَّ الْأَحْوَطَ فِيمَا كان أَكْثَرَ كَشْفًا وهو قَيِّمًا قُلْنَا فَالْحَاصِلُ أَنَّهُ يَجُوزُ لُبْسُ كل شَيْءٍ في رِجْلِهِ لَا يغط (البحر الرائق ج 2 ص 567 دار الكتب العلمية)

[5]  مسائل رفعت قاسمي ج 5 ص 192  محمود الفتاوى ج 2 ص 322

 
May I request you to recommend the best book regarding fiqh and method of performing Hajj & Umrah (for layman, in English or Urdu) as I hope to perform my first ever Hajj this year inshaAllah. PDF Print E-mail

Q: 87 – Title: May I request you to recommend the best book regarding fiqh and method of performing Hajj & Umrah (for layman, in English or Urdu) as I hope to perform my first ever Hajj this year inshaAllah.

Question

May I request you to recommend the best book regarding fiqh and method of performing Hajj & Umrah (for layman, in English or Urdu) as I hope to perform my first ever Hajj this year inshaAllah.

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

We recommend you study Mu'allimul Hujjajof Mufti Saeed Ahmad Saheb rahmatullah alahy . It is a comprehensive Fiqh guide on Hajj.

We also recommend Fadha’il-e-Hajj of Hadhrat Sheikh Zakariyya rahmatullah alahy as a spiritual guide for Hajj. Both books are in Urdu and English and easily available.

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Daruliftaa
35 Candella Rd, Durban, South Africa

 
I perormed my first Umrah 11 years ago and cut my hear without making Sa'ee. Do I need to pay dumm? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 85 – Title: I perormed my first Umrah 11 years ago and cut my hear without making Sa'ee. Do I need to pay dumm?

Question

I perormed my first Umrah some 11 years back after Tawaf. I cut my hair and could not perform Sa'ee (lack of knowledge).  Do I need to pay the DUMM, if yes can I offer the dumm now?

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

If a person did not perform sa`ee and has left theharam then he has to give damm. Damm refers to the slaughtering of a sheep, within the boundaries of the sacred sanctuary with the intention of kaffarah (atonement). It is also necessary that you make tawbah and istighfar for the wrong.


(ولو ترك السعي كله أو أكثره فعليه دم) أي لتركه الواجب
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 503)

(اعلم أنه حيثما أطلق الدم) أي في عبارات القوم من أصحاب المناسك (المراد الشاة، وهي تجزئ في كل موضع) أي من مواضع الجنايات (إلا في موضعين، الأول: إذا جامع الحاج بعد الوقوف بعرفة) أي في زمانه إلى أن يحلق في أوانه (فإنه يجب عليه بدنة) وهي بعير أو بقرة (والثاني: إذا طاف طواف الزيارة جنبا أو حائضا أو نفساء فيجب فيه أيضا بدنة).
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 553)

(والثاني: أن يكون) أي الهدي (سالما من العيوب) أي المعتبرة في الأضحية ... (وأما شرائط جواز  الدماء) فخمسة عشر شرطا ... (والثالث: ذبحه في الحرم)
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 554)

(ثم لا فرق في وجوب الجزاء فيما إذا جنى عامدا أو خاطئا ... عالما أو جاهلا)
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 423)

(وأحكام إحرامها (العمرة) كأحكام إحرام الحج من جميع الوجوه)
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 652)

(وواجباتها: السعي) أي بين الصفا والمروة
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 654)

(ولا بد من التوبة على كل حال) فيه أنه لا يجب التوبة إذا كان بعذر أو بغير عمد.
(حاشية إرشاد الساري إلى مناسك ملا علي القاري 422)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best
Mufti Ishaaq E. Moosa
Benoni.
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 
If you visit Makkah for multiple days and want to make an Umrah each day, do you have to remove your unwanted hair each time? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 86 – Title: If you visit Makkah for multiple days and want to make an Umrah each day, do you have to remove your unwanted hair each time?

Question

If you visit Makkah for multiple days and want to make an Umrah each day, do you have to remove your unwanted hair each time before you put on your ihraam or will it suffice if you only remove them the first time you put on your ihraam. Jazakullahu Khairun

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

It is mustahab (desirable) to remove unwanted hair before donning the ihram.If a person is performing multiple `umrah she will not have to remove unwanted hair before every ihram.To make more tawaf is more virtuous than multiple `umrahs.

المسالك في المناسك (1/323)
إذاأراد الرجل لاإحرام يستحب له أن يقص شاربه، ويقلم أظفاره، ويحلق عانته، كذا التوارث؛ ولأنه أنظف للبدن، فكان أحسن كما في حالة الصلاة

حاشية ابن عابدين - (2 / 502)
ونظيره ما أجاب به العلامة القاضي إبراهيم بن ظهيرة المكي حيث سئل هل الأفضل الطواف أو العمرة من أن الأرجح تفضيل الطواف على العمرة إذا شغل به مقدار زمن العمرة إلا إذا قيل إنها لا تقع إلا فرض كفاية فلا يكون الحكم كذلك

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ishaaq E. Moosa
Benoni.
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 
If Tawaf is done incorrectly in ihraam then does one need to repeat the tawaf or penelty alone suffices? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 84 – Title: If Tawaf is done incorrectly in ihraam then does one need to repeat the tawaf or penelty alone suffices?

Question

If someone perform tawaf e ziyara with pollution, menses and returned home, then of course she will  have  to offer a badana (camel/ cow). I want to know beside offering badana , does she still require to go Holy Mecca and repeat tawaf e ziyara ?

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

In principle, once a person pays penalty for a wrong committed in ihram (jinaayat) and the penalty (dam) has been paid, that is sufficient. The tawaaf does not have to be repeated.

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Daruliftaa
35 Candella Rd, Durban, South Africa

 
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