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Is it possible to perform other sunnat muakadah and prescribed nafl salah after congregation prayer between tawaf and its prayer? I completed 7 circuits of Tawaf then waited to pass makruh time... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 78 – Title: Is it possible to perform other sunnat muakadah and prescribed nafl salah after congregation prayer between tawaf and its prayer? I completed 7 circuits of Tawaf then waited to pass makruh time...

Question

Is it possible to perform other sunnat muakadah and prescribed nafl salah after congregation prayer  between tawaf and its prayer?  I completed  7 circuits of Tawaf then waited to pass makruh time(after asr ) and after offering maghrib farz salah I offered sunnat Muakadah and 2 rak'at nafl of maghrib in Massa(safa marwa) corridor.

Thereafter I went behind maqam e ibrahim and prayed salat al tawaf. Is it correct or makruh? As I delayed just a few  minutes to offer Sunnah/nafl of maghrib and to reach behind maqam e ibrahim.

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

It is sunnat to perform the wajib two rakas after tawaf immediately after the tawaf. To delay the wajib rakats salah after tawaf is makruh. (Mu`allimatul hujjaj, Pg 152, Idaratul Qur’aan)

However if it is the makruh times of salah, for example sunrise, midday and sunset, then the two rakats wajib salah after tawaf should be delayed until after the makruh times.(ibid.)

You were correct to delay the two rakats wajib salah until after the maghrib salah.

It would be better for you to have performed the two rakat wajib salah after the maghrib salah and before the sunnats of maghrib salah.

To perform the wajib salah after tawaf by the maqam Ibrahim is desirable. (ibid)

However, preference will be given to performing the wajib salah immediately after the maghrib salah as that is sunnah.

In principle, a sunnat will be preferred over a Mustahab act. (ibid)

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Daruliftaa
35 Candella Rd, Durban, South Africa
www.daruliftaa.net

 
Can I go on Hajj if I have outstanding loan obligations to pay? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 77 – Title: Can I go on Hajj if I have outstanding loan obligations to pay?

Question

This year i am planning to perform Hajj (inshallah) with my parents.  I came to know that before going to hajj, you have to pay back all types of loans. Two years ago, i have purchased a vehicle with some down payment and remaining amount is agreed to pay by monthly installments in 5 years. At this stage, the value of the vehicle is about 30% higher than outstanding loan i.e. if i sell the vehicle now (or any time), the sale price can pay back the total outstanding loan (installments) plus some amount in cash.

My question is, since the vehicle value is much more than the outstanding loan, can i go to hajj without paying the outstanding vehicle loan (and continue paying the monthly installments) or i need to sell the vehicle to pay back the vehicle loan. As per my understanding, this loan is the form of ""Cash in Hand" (in case something happened to me during hajj period, my loan can be paid off easily by selling the vehicle). Am i right? The main reason i want to perform hajj at the earliest is that i have to take my parents for Hajj and they are getting older and older and i do not want to lose the chance this year (inshallah).

Answer

In the Name of All?h, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Yes, you can go on Hajj even if you have a loan as long as you are current on your monthly payments to your lender.

If you have fallen behind on your monthly payments then you should seek the permission of your lender before going on Hajj. If you go on Hajj while behind on your payments and without your lender's permission your obligation of Hajj will be fulfilled, although it would be Makruh-Tahrimi.

As an extra precaution it would be better for you to inform your inheritors of your debts and write a bequest stating all your debts.

If one is going on a Nafl Hajj then it's more important for him to use that money to pay off his debts rather than go on Nafl Hajj. [i] [ii] [iii] [iv]

And Allah knows best.
Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)
Concurred by:
Mufti Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)
Under the Supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

آب كي مسائل أور أن كا حل،.4/40 مكتبة لدهيانوي [i]

فتاوى رحيمية، كتاب الحج: 8 / 45-46 دار الإشاعت [ii]

قوله ممن يجب استئذانه ) كأحد أبويه المحتاج إلى خدمته والأجداد والجدات كالأبوين ) [iii]
عند فقدهما ، وكذا الغريم لمديون لا مال له يقضي به ، والكفيل لو بالإذن ، فيكره خروجه بلا إذنهم كما في الفتح ، وظاهره أن الكراهة تحريمية ولذا عبر الشارح بالوجوب ، وزاد في البحر عن السير وكذا إن كرهت خروجه زوجته ومن عليه نفقته .ا هـ .والظاهر أن هذا إذا
لم يكن له ما يدفعه للنفقة في غيبته قال في البحر : وهذا كله في حج الفرض
رد المحتار، كتاب الحج: 3 /404 دار الكتب العلمية

وفي فتح القدير والأجداد والجدات كالأبوين عند فقدهما ويكره الخروج [iv]
للغزو والحج لمديون وإن لم يكن له مال يقضي به إلا أن يأذن الغريم فإن كان بالدين كفيل بإذنه لا يخرج إلا بإذنهما
البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق، كتاب الحج: 2 /540 دار الكتب العلمية

 
We pelted the jamaraat before Dhuhr on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah. Was that a permissible time? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 75 – Title: We pelted the jamaraat before Dhuhr on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah. Was that a permissible time?

Question

A family member and I made rami (pelting) around 11:30 am before Dhuhr on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. Did we make a mistake or not? If we made a mistake please guide us. We will very much appreciate your answer.  May Allah always keep you healthy.

Answer

In the Name of All?h, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

On the 12th of Dhul Hijjah, the time for rami (pelting) begins from Zawaal, it is not permissible to do it before that.1  The local time for Zawaal in and around the vicinity of Makkah (including Mina) was approximately 12:06 pm on the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah.

If rami (pelting) was performed in the impermissible time it has to be made up by redoing the pelting and giving a damm*. The time for redoing the pelting expired at sunset on the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah, so now only a damm is wajib on you.2

*Damm: Refers to the slaughtering of a goat, a sheep or a one-seventh part of a cow or a one-seventh part of a camel within the precincts of the Haram in lieu of certain violations made while performing the manaasik (rites) of Hajj.

Please see the chart below for the Sunnah, Makruh (disliked), and impermissible times for making rami (pelting) during Hajj:3

Day    Sunnah    Makruh (Disliked)    Impermissible

10th    Sunrise to Zawaal

(Permissible: Zawaal to Sunset)    Fajr Sadiq to Sunrise and

Sunset to Fajr Sadiq of 11th     Before Fajr Sadiq of 10th

11th    Zawaal to Sunset    Sunset to Fajr Sadiq of 12th     Fajr Sadiq until Zawaal

12th     Zawaal to Sunset    Sunset to Fajr Sadiq of 13th     Fajr Sadiq until Zawaal

13th    Zawaal to Sunset    Fajr Sadiq to Zawaal of 13th    After Sunset


*Fajr Sadiq: When the time of Fajr begins. Also known as “Subh Sadiq”

*Zawaal: When the sun begins to move away from its central meridian. It is the beginning time of Dhuhr (to which a few minutes should be added as a precaution before praying Dhuhr).

For the old, the weak and the women, the Makruh times given above will not be considered makruh if they fear the rush and crowding. With the exception of these it is Makruh for others.4

Pelting on the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah5:

Those who leave Mina for Makkah before sunset on the 12th,  pelting is not necessary for them on the 13th.

Those who leave after Maghrib of the 12th it is Makruh for them to leave Mina without pelting on the 13th in its permissible time.

Those who are present in Mina at the time of Fajr Sadiq on the 13th, pelting for them becomes wajib on the 13th.

And All?h knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)
Concurred by:
Muft? Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)
Under the Supervision of Muft? Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


1     Muallim ul Hujjaj, pg. 182, Idarat-ul-Islamiyaat
2   Ibid, pg. 183
3   Ibid. pgs. 170 and 182-183
4   Ibid, pg. 187
5   Ibid, pg. 182

 
I passed Meeqat without ihraam, is a damm wajib? What is the ruling for women having a cloth touch the face while in ihraam? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 76 – Title: I passed Meeqat without ihraam, is a damm wajib? What is the ruling for women having a cloth touch the face while in ihraam?

Question

Having completed hajj I made my way to Medinah and after that I asked my ticket to be extended. As a result I traveled from Medina to Jeddah with my tour group.

They issued me my passport and I then had my father-in-law pick me up from Jeddah and we made our way back to Makkah.

My question is my understanding was that I had to make intention of my ihram from Jeddah, but having spoken to my father in law, he advised that I should have done so from medina, but the issue would have been that all the other passengers would be in normal clothes and I would have been in ihram which could have caused problems for me as there are normally checks and questions would have been asked.

Anyways I did not wear the ihram at Jeddah as my father in law advised not to do so, so I would like to know what I need to do like nafl umrah from say masjid Ayesha and/or Dam? As my intention was to always travel to Makkah.

My other question is my wife lives in makkah and mostly every year she performs hajj but wears her nikab over her face during hajj/ihram, as she does not want to fulfill 1 fard and leave another as she is very strict in wearing the niqab alhumdulillah. She is not comfortable wearing the English type cap under her niqab as she finds it hard to see properly. My question is does dam become compulsory on her or is giving sadqah sufficient enough? I believe my father in law previously has given sadqah on her behalf but this year she has now become my responsibility and I wish to ask the learned scholars for their guidance.

Answer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

1.) The meeqat for those coming from the direction of Madinah is Dhul-Hulayfah (also known as Bi'r Ali or Abyaar Ali). There is another meeqat called Juhfah, closer to Makkah. You could have entered ihraam there as well, although the meeqat of Dhul-Hulayfah is preferred for those coming from the direction of Madinah.

Since your intention was to travel to Makkah for Umrah, and you bypassed the meeqat without entering into ihraam, a damm is now obligatory. Had you traveled back to any point of meeqat and made ihraam from there before starting the rites of Umrah, the damm would have been erased. [i] [ii] [iii] [iv]

*Damm: Refers to the slaughtering of a goat, a sheep, a one-seventh part of a cow, or a one-seventh part of a camel within the precincts of the Haram in lieu of certain violations made while performing the manaasik (rites) of Hajj and Umrah.

2.) To have a piece of cloth touching the face while in ihraam is not correct if it is done intentionally. Pious women from the Sahaabiyyaat (radiyallahu anhunna) to our times have been concealing their faces while not letting the cloth touch the face. Your wife should find an alternative solution that would allow her to maintain her niqab in ihraam without having a piece of cloth touch her face.

If the face is covered for a period of less than 12 hours at a time then sadaqah is wajib. If the face is covered for a period of 12 hours or more at a time, then a damm will be obligatory. The penalty will apply only once since she intends to keep re-wearing the niqab for the same reason (i.e that of not being able to see with the cap extension). Multiple sadaqahs or damms will not apply if your wife removes the niqab and wears it again while in ihraam. [v] [vi] [vii]

*The amount of sadaqah is half a Saa' (1.75kg to 2.32 kg / 3.86 lb to 5.11 lb) of wheat (or its monetary equivalent which is equal to the amount given for Sadaqat-ul-Fitr)

And Allah knows best.
Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)
Concurred by:
Mufti Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)
Under the Supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

وإن جاوز الآفاقي الميقات بغير إحرام، وهو يريد الحج والعمرة، فإن عاد إلى الميقات [i]
وأحرم سقط عنه الدم، وإن أحرم من مكانه ذلك، وعاد إلى الميقات محرماً، فإن لبى سقط عنه الدم، وإن لم يلب وجاوز الميقات، واشتغل بأعمال ما عقد الإحرام له لا يسقط عنه الدم
الميحط البرهاني، كتاب المناسك، الفصل الرابع: في بيان مواقيت الإحرام وما يلزم بمجاوزتها من غير إحرام، ?/ ??? دار إحياء التراث العربي

والمواقيت ) أي المواضع التي لا يجاوزها مريد مكة إلا محرما خمسة ( ذو الحليفة ) بضم ) [ii]
ففتح مكان على ستة أميال من المدينة وعشر مراحل من مكة تسميها العوام أبيار علي رضي الله عنه
رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، مطلب في المواقيت: ? /??? دار الكتب العلمية

قوله ( وقالوا ) أي علماؤنا الحنفية ( قوله ولو مر بميقاتين ) كالمدني يمر بذي الحليفة [iii]
ثم بالجحفة فإحرامه من الأبعد أفضل أي الأبعد عن مكة
رد المحتار كتاب الحج، مطلب في المواقيت: ? /??? دار الكتب العلمية

معلم الحجاج، ص. ??-??، إداره إسلاميات [iv]

قوله ( يوما كاملا ) أي أو ليلة كاملة والزائد على اليوم كاليوم وإن نزعه ليلا [v]
وأعاده نهارا ما لم يعزم على ترك لبسه عند النزع فإن عزم عليه ثم لبس تعدد الجزاء كفر للأول أو لا
حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح، كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ص. ??? دار الكتب العلمية
قوله ( يوما كاملا أو ليلة ) الظاهر أن المراد مقدار أحدهما فلو لبس من نصف [vi]
النهار إلى نصف الليل من غير انفصال أو بالعكس لزمه دم كما يشير إليه قوله وفي الأقل صدقة شرح اللباب ( قوله وفي الأقل صدقة ) أي نصف صاع من بر
رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ? /??? دار الكتب العلمية

قوله ( ولو تعدد سبب اللبس ) كما إذا كان به حمى فاحتاج إلى اللبس لها فزالت [vii]
وأصابه مرض آخر أو حمى غيرها ولبس فعليه كفارتان كفر للأول أولا ، وإذا حصره العدو فاحتاج إلى اللبس للقتال أياما يلبسها إذا خرج وينزعها إذا رجع فعليه كفارة واحدة ما لم يذهب هذا العدو ، فإن ذهب وجاء عدو غيره لزمه كفارة أخرى ، ومقتضى ذلك كما قال الحلبي أنه إذا لبس لدفع برد ثم صار ينزع ويلبس لذلك ثم زال ذلك البرد وأصابه برد آخر فليس لذلك أنه يجب عليه كفارتان بحر ( قوله ولو اضطر إلخ ) تخصيص لما قبله من تعدد الجزاء بتعدد السبب قال في الذخيرة : والأصل في جنس هذه المسائل أن الزيادة في موضع الضرورة لا تعتبر جناية مبتدأة
رد المحتار،كتاب الحج، باب الجنايات: ? /??? دار الكتب العلمية

 
I went for Umrah and later on discovered that I had haidh the same night. Do I have to give damm? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 74 – Title: I went for Umrah and later on discovered that I had haidh the same night. Do I have to give damm?

Question

I live in Saudi Arabia. I went for Umrah last night and came back with a stain of blood (menses). But I was not expecting my menses as it was only 15 days since I had my last one. I wanted to know if I have to give a damm or not?

Answer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

The minimum period of purity is fifteen days, and there is no limit to the maximum.[i] As such, the onset of haidh was definitely within the realm of possibility on the night you went for Umrah.

If you experienced your haidh while making the Tawaaf of Umrah, and completed even one circuit in that state, then a damm* is wajib on you.[ii] The damm will rectify the error and the Umrah will be considered valid and complete.

*Damm: Refers to the slaughtering of a goat, a sheep, a one-seventh part of a cow, or a one-seventh part of a camel within the precincts of the Haram in lieu of certain violations made while performing the manaasik (rites) of Hajj and Umrah.
If however you experienced your haidh while making Sai' or afterwards then there is no damm.[iii]

And Allah knows best.

Ml. Sohail Bengali
Chicago, IL (USA)
Concurred by:
Mufti Abrar Mirza
Chicago, IL (USA)
Under the Supervision of Mufti Ebrahim Desai (South Africa)

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[i] ( قوله نصاب الطهر ) أي خمسة عشر يوما فأكثر
رد المحتار كتاب الطهارة، باب الحيض: ? /??? دار الكتب العلمية

معلم الحجاج ص ??? إدارة إسلاميات [ii]
معلم الحجاج ص ??? إدارة إسلاميات [iii]

 
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