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Please tell me sunnah of nafal roza. Is it on monday thursday .. some say 13th 14h 15th of islamic month. PDF Print E-mail

Q: 42 – Title: Please tell me sunnah of nafal roza. Is it on monday thursday .. some say 13th 14h 15th of islamic month.

 

Question

Please tell me sunnah of nafal roza. Is it on monday thursday .. some say 13th 14h 15th of islamic month. As i want to fast in accordance with sunnah sallah hoo alleh wasalaam. please guide me

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

There are narrations that prove that it is sunnah to fast on the 13th, 14th and 15th of every month.

عن أبى ذر قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم « من صام من كل شهر ثلاثة أيام فذلك صيام الدهر ». فأنزل الله عز وجل تصديق ذلك فى كتابه (من جاء بالحسنة فله عشر أمثالها ). اليوم بعشرة أيام.

عن موسى بن طلحة قال سمعت أبا ذر يقول قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم « يا أبا ذر إذا صمت من الشهر ثلاثة أيام فصم ثلاث عشرة وأربع عشرة وخمس عشرة ».

(Jami’ Al Tirmizi Vol.1 Pg.159 – H.M. Sa’eed Company)

There are also narrations that prove that it is sunnah to fast on Mondays and Thursdays.

عن عائشة قالت كان النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم يتحرى صوم الاثنين والخميس.

عن أبى هريرة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال « تعرض الأعمال يوم الاثنين والخميس فأحب أن يعرض عملى وأنا صائم ».

(Jami’ Al Tirmizi Vol.1 Pg.157 – H.M. Sa’eed Company)

It is understood from the abovementioned that both practices are proven through the Ahadith of Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Therefore, both will be regarded as sunnah. You could practice on any one of them or both of them, if you have the strength to do so.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Abu Yahya
Student Darul Iftaa

Concurred by:

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
My Salary is Rs:12000/- due to this my espenses are more then that. I get married in last month and wife has jewllery according to this what ill i do on this eid PDF Print E-mail

Q: 41 – Title: My Salary is Rs:12000/- due to this my espenses are more then that. I get married in last month and wife has jewllery according to this what ill i do on this eid

Question

My Salary is Rs:12000/- due to this my espenses are more then that. I get married in last month and wife has jewllery according to this what ill i do on this eid plz give me solid ans.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

If your monthly expenses are more than Rs 12,000 and you do not have excess money equivalent to nisaab (minimum zakatable amount) then qurbani is not compulsory upon you.

If the value of your wife’s jewelerry is equivalent or more than the nisaab and she does not have debts, then qurbani will be compulsory on her.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
A family member had passed away recently and I had inherited a sum of money which makes me reliable for zakaat. However, this wealth is attached to properties and businesses which the deceased has left behind... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 39 – Title: A family member had passed away recently and I had inherited a sum of money which makes me reliable for zakaat. However, this wealth is attached to properties and businesses which the deceased has left behind...

Question

A family member had passed away recently and I had inherited a sum of money which makes me reliable for zakaat. However, this wealth is attached to properties and businesses which the deceased has left behind. Therefore I have not been paid my share as yet (that means I am currently not the owner of nisaab). If I am not been given my share before Eid ul adha, is qurbaani waajib on me? Do I have to still make Qurbaani? 
Please note that I am not the owner of nisaab - it is only once i am given my share, then i will be the owner of nisaab.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

If you do not have possession of your share of inheritance, there is no zakat on that amount.

Maraqi al-Falah ma’ Hashiya al-Tahtawi p.715 Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya

وزكاة الدين على أقسام فإنه قوي ووسط وضعيف... والضعيف وهو بدل ما ليس بمال كالمهر والوصية وبدل الخلع والصلح عن دم العمد والدية وبدل الكتابة والسعاية لا تجب فيه الزكاة ما لم يقبض نصابا ويحول عليه الحول بعد القبض وهذا عند الإمام وأوجبا عن المقبوض من الديون الثلاثة بحسابه مطلقا...قال الطحطاوى: والوصية إذا تأخرت عند الوارث مثلا عاما

If you do not own the nisab of zakat on the day of qurbani, then qurbani is not obligatory upon you.  However, in calculating the nisab of qurbani, all wealth including household items that are not necessities will be taken into consideration.  The elapsing of one year on the wealth is also not a prerequisite.  After the deduction of debts, if the amount of wealth equals to nisab, qurbani will be obligatory.

Fatawa Mehmoodia (9/616) Jamia Farooqia

Majma’ al-Anhur

( وإن لم يكن ) النصاب ( ناميا ) وكدار لا تكون للسكنى ولا للتجارة ، ولو كان له دار واحدة يسكنها وفضلت عن سكناه يعتبر الفاضل إن كانت قيمته نصابا وكذا ما فضل عن الثلاثة من الثياب للشتاء والصيف وعن فرسين للغازي وفرس وحمار للغير وعن نسخة واحدة من مصنف من كتب الفقه لأهلها واثنين من التفسير والحديث الواحد من المصاحف وفي الخلاصة لو كانت له كتب إن كانت كتب الطب والنجوم والأدب يعتبر نصابا ولا يخالف ما في الزكاة ؛ لأن في هذه المسألة روايتين فمشى في باب الزكاة على رواية . وفي باب الفطر على أخرى ، ولو كانت له دور وحوانيت للغلة وهي لا تكفي عياله فهو من الفقراء على قول محمد خلافا لأبي يوسف وعلى هذا الكرم والأرض ولا يعتبر ما قيمته نصاب من قوت شهر بلا خلاف عندنا . وقال الشافعي تجب على كل من يملك زيادة على قوت يومه لنفسه وعيال (مجمع الانهر)

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
Minimam nisab level for Zakath to wajib is 525g of silver & 75g of gold, now my question is now in my country 1g of gold is 900Rs & 1g of silver is 18Rs. why is such a huge difference between the two quantities for the requirement of Zakath PDF Print E-mail

Q: 40 – Title: Minimam nisab level for Zakath to wajib is 525g of silver & 75g of gold, now my question is now in my country 1g of gold is 900Rs & 1g of silver is 18Rs. why is such a huge difference between the two quantities for the requirement of Zakath

Question

Minimam nisab level for Zakath to wajib is 525g of silver & 75g of gold, now my question is now in my country 1g of gold is 900Rs & 1g of silver is 18Rs. why is such a huge difference between the two quantities  for the requirement of Zakath now on what basis shoul we judge our nisab.

I know a person who lives in his own house and his wife have some jewellary which is not upt to the level over which Zakath has to be paid, His dealy bread earnig is als some time beaome difficult can I give Zakath to Him.

I have heard that Zakath or any other SADQUAS should not be given to SYEEDS is true Pls give the reference.

I will be very Great full to you for yor answers.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

Zakat is due upon a person when he becomes the owner of a specific amount (nisab) of wealth after deducting debts and a year has elapsed on that wealth.  The nisab of zakat for gold is 7.5 tolas (87.48 g) and for silver it is 52.5 tolas (612.35 g).

When calculating zakat, the weight of gold and silver will be taken into consideration and not the value.  If a person has gold equivalent to and above the amount of nisab, then 2.5% of gold will be given in zakat.  If he wishes to give the actual gold in zakat, then the weight will be taken into consideration.  If he wishes to discharge the zakat in cash then the value of the gold will be taken into consideration.  For example if a person has 50 tolas of gold, 1.25 tolas of gold will be due upon him.  He may either give 1.25 tola of gold or the value 1.25 tolas of gold.

The same ruling will apply for zakat of silver.  If a person has silver equivalent to and above the amount of nisab, then 2.5% of silver will be given in zakat.  If he wishes to give the actual silver in zakat, then the weight will be taken into consideration.  If he wishes to discharge the zakat in cash then the amount of silver will be taken into consideration.

If a person has a small amount of gold which does not reach the nisab and he owns no silver or cash, then zakat is not due upon the gold.  Similarly, if a person has a small amount of silver which does not reach to the nisab and he owns no gold or cash, then zakat is not due upon the silver.

If a person has a small amount of gold and with it he has cash or silver, the gold will be joined with the cash and silver.  If it reaches to the nisab of silver, zakat will be due.  For example a person has 2 tolas gold and 50 tola silver. If we were to assume that the price of 2 tolas gold can purchase 20 tolas silver, then you will add 20 tolas to the 50 tolas silver and calculate zakat of 70 tolas silver.

Fatawa Mehmoodia (9/380) Jamia Farooqia
Al-Durr al-Mukhtar (2/303) H.M. Saeed Company

( و ) يضم ( الذهب إلى الفضة ) وعكسه بجامع الثمنية ( قيمة ) وقالا بالإجزاء ، فلو له مائة درهم وعشرة دنانير قيمتها مائة وأربعون تجب ستة عنده وخمسة عندهما فافهم (الدر المختار)

If one had the complete nisab of gold and complete nisab of silver then it is better to give the zakat of each one separately.  If one wishes to combine the two, then that nisab which is more benefiting to the poor will be taken into consideration.

Cash will be calculated according the nisab of silver.  If a person has cash which can purchase him 52.5 tolas (612.35 g) or more, then zakat will be due upon him.

Fiqhi Muqalat of Mufti Taqi Usmani (1/31) Memon Islamic Publishers
Badai’al-Sanai’ (2/103) Dar al-Kitab Deoband
Al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya (1/179) Maktaba Rashidiyya

- وأما الفلوس فلا زكاة فيها إذا لم تكن للتجارة وإن كانت للتجارة فإن بلغت مائتين وجبت الزكاة كذا في المحيط (الفتاوى الهندية)

- فإن كانت أثمانا رائجة أو كان يمسكها للتجارة يعتبر قيمتها فإن بلغت قيمتها مائتي درهم من أدنى الدراهم التي تجب فيها الزكاة وهي التي الغالب عليها الفضة تجب فيها الزكاة وإلا فلا (بدائع الصنائع)

The difference between the value of gold nisab and value of silver nisab is not due to Shariah, but do the current economic variations.  The value of gold has gone higher over the years.  As stated above, in reality the weight of gold is taken into consideration and not the value.

2.

The jewelry that a woman owns is her wealth and not the wealth of her husband.  If a person is poor and eligible to receive zakat then you may give zakat to him.  The wife owning jewelry does not making it unlawful for the husband to receive zakat.

3.

It is impermissible to give zakat to people who are from the Progeny of the following:

- Fatima (Radhiyallahu Anha)

- Ali (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

- Abbas (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

- Ja’far (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

- Aqeel (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

- Harith ibn Abdul Muttalib (Radhiyallahu Anhu)

Similarly it is impermissible to give other charities which are wajib, e.g. nadhr, kaffara, sadaqat al-fitr.  Charities besides these may be given to them.

Bahishti Zewar p.229 Maktaba Thanwi Deoband
Al-Fatawa al-Hindiyya (1/189) Maktaba Rashidiyya
Rad al-Muhtar (2/350) H.M. Saeed Company

ولا يدفع إلى بني هاشم ، وهم آل علي وآل عباس وآل جعفر وآل عقيل وآل الحارث بن عبد المطلب كذا في الهداية ويجوز الدفع إلى من عداهم من بني هاشم كذرية أبي لهب ؛ لأنهم لم يناصروا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كذا في السراج الوهاج . هذا في الواجبات كالزكاة والنذر والعشر والكفارة فأما التطوع فيجوز الصرف إليهم كذا في الكافي (الفتاوى الهندية)

( قوله : وبني هاشم إلخ ) اعلم أن عبد مناف وهو الأب الرابع للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أعقب أربعة وهم : هاشم والمطلب ونوفل وعبد شمس ، ثم هاشم أعقب أربعة انقطع نسل الكل إلا عبد المطلب فإنه أعقب اثني عشر تصرف الزكاة إلى أولاد كل إذا كانوا مسلمين فقراء إلا أولاد عباس وحارث وأولاد أبي طالب من علي وجعفر وعقيل قهستاني ، وبه علم أن إطلاق بني هاشم مما لا ينبغي إذ لا تحرم عليهم كلهم بل على بعضهم ولهذا قال في الحواشي السعدية : إن آل أبي لهب ينسبون أيضا إلى هاشم وتحل لهم الصدقة

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
to gain the reward of fasting in the month of Shawwaal (6roza's) it has to be followed by the Roza's of Ramadhaan (entire month). what is the Mas'ala regarding females that are unable to keep Roza... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 38 – Title: to gain the reward of fasting in the month of Shawwaal (6roza's) it has to be followed by the Roza's of Ramadhaan (entire month). what is the Mas'ala regarding females that are unable to keep Roza...

Question

to gain the reward of fasting in the month of Shawwaal (6roza's) it has to be followed by the Roza's of Ramadhaan (entire month). what is the Mas'ala regarding females that are unable to keep Roza for the entire month of Ramadhaan? do they have to keep the missed Roza's of Ramadhaan first before keeping Roza's of Shawwaal or can they keep the Roza's of Shawwaal without keeping their Qaza's of Ramadhaan?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

The fasts of Shawwal are mustahab. They mayt be kept at any time during the month of Shawwal. A woman who missed her fasts of Ramadan may make up (qaza) for them in Shawwal or anytime during the year besides the two Eids and the 11th, 12th and 13th of Zilhajj. She may keep the six fasts and then make up (qaza) for the fasts of Ramadan.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
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