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Does all Zakaat then fall into this date of discharge or would jewellery purchased on a date different from the above date need to be discharged one year from the date it was purchased? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 100 – Title: Does all Zakaat then fall into this date of discharge or would jewellery purchased on a date different from the above date need to be discharged one year from the date it was purchased?

Question

It is my understanding that a person's Zakaat date needs to be determined and that exact date is the date it will be due every year (Islamic date). For as long as I can remember I have been discharging my Zakaat in full in Ramadhaan, but this was not based on determining exactly what the date was once I became liable for Zakaat. I tried making sense of it myself but found that I cannot use the date I started working as I was already paying Zakaat prior to this based on the savings I had. The only option I see other than this is to calculate it based on when I became baaligh. The problem with this is I dont know exactly when this was, do I base it on the general maturity age for males (13), based on my Islamic date of birth?

Does all Zakaat then fall into this date of discharge or would jewellery purchased on a date different from the above date need to be discharged one year from the date it was purchased?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

1) If you were Sa?ibe Nis?b (one who owned the Nis?b amount) at puberty, then Zak?h will be calculated from the age of puberty; if you are unsure of when you became B?ligh, then calculate from the minimum age of puberty, which is the age of 12 lunar years (approximately 11 solar years and 8 months) for boys and 9 lunar years (approximately 8 solar years and 9 months) for girls.

Bul?g (Maturity) is gauged by a minor having a wet dream (ejaculation) and in the case of a girl, Haidh or pregnancy; if this did not occur, then a minor boy or girl will automatically become Balig at the age of 15 lunar years (14 solar years and 7 months).

( بلوغ الغلام بالاحتلام والإحبال والإنزال ) والأصل هو الإنزال ( والجارية بالاحتلام والحيض والحبل ) ولم يذكر الإنزال صريحا لأنه قلما يعلم منها ( فإن لم يوجد فيهما ) شيء ( فحتى يتم لكل منهما خمس عشرة سنة به يفتى ) لقصر أعمار أهل زماننا

(Al Durul Mukht?r pg 153/154 vol. 6)

2) Zak?h on jewellery will be discharged on the same day as other Zak?h; it will not be discharged a year from the date of purchase. In other words, if for example Zak?h is paid every year on the 1st of Ramadh?n, even if the jewellery was purchased on the 27th of Sha’b?n, Zak?h will be paid on that jewellery on the 1st of Ramadh?n that year.

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Zakariyya bin Ahmed,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
I have a friend who got asthma while during the day of fasting can we take Ventoline Inhalaor will it b effect on fasting or can he allow to do that PDF Print E-mail

Q: 99 – Title: I have a friend who got asthma while during the day of fasting can we take Ventoline Inhalaor will it b effect on fasting or can he allow to do that

Question

i want 2 ask about if the person s Fasting nd he got asthma while during the day of fasting can we take Ventoline Inhalaor will it b effect on fasting or can he allow to do that plz

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Since Ventolin Inhaler contains medication, it will break the fast.  If you get an asthma attack while fasting and no other alternative is available, you may take the Ventolin Inhaler and make up the fast afterwards.  There will not be any kaff?rah.

(فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الصوم، باب ما يفسد الصوم وما لا يفسد: 10/154-155؛ فاروقية)

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
We have some questions regarding zakat, Please help us in the light of sharia for the following questions.... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 97 – Title: We have some questions regarding zakat, Please help us in the light of sharia for the following questions....

Question

1) Can zakat be used for the purpose of secular studies. if the students or parents of the students r eligible for zakat?

2) Can we give zakat to an educational trust who help muslim childrens with their educational (secular education) needs?

3) Can we help needy muslims (eligible for zakat) to build their houses with the zakat money?

4) Can we give our zakat to the trust who help muslims (poor, needy) to build their houses?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful


Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

It is necessary to give zak?h into the ownership of the recipient.  It is not allowed to spend it on them, nor spend it on their behalf.  The recipient must be the owner of the wealth and have the option to spend it as he/she wishes.

Therefore, zak?h should be given to the needy or institutions/trusts that will hand it over the needy.  When the zak?h is received by the recipients, they may spend it as they wish, whether it be on secular studies or building houses.  However, it is not valid for you or the institution/trust to spend the zak?h on them, as this would be contradictory to making the recipients full owners of the zak?h money.

( هي تمليك المال من فقير مسلم غيرها هاشمي ولا مولاه بشرط قطع المنفعة عن المملك كل وجه لله تعالى ) لقوله تعالى وآتوا الزكاة البقرة 43 والإيتاء هو التمليك ومراده تمليك جزء من ماله وهو ربع العشر أو ما يقوم مقامه

(البحر الرائق، كتاب الزكاة: 2/216؛ المعرفة)

فصل وأما ركن الزكاة  فركن الزكاة هو إخراج جزء من النصاب إلى الله تعالى وتسليم ذلك إليه يقطع المالك يده عنه بتمليكه من الفقير وتسليمه إليه أو إلى يد من هو نائب عنه وهو المصدق والملك للفقير يثبت من الله تعالى وصاحب المال نائب عن الله تعالى في التمليك والتسليم إلى الفقير

(بدائع الصنائع، كتاب الزكاة، فصل ركن الزكاة: 2/39؛ العربي)

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
i want to know i'am diabetic and i'am on medcation for that can i practice ramadan and if not what can i do i don't have a lot of money to donate to the islamic comuntiy in calgary what else is there i can do... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 98 – Title: i want to know i'am diabetic and i'am on medcation for that can i practice ramadan and if not what can i do i don't have a lot of money to donate to the islamic comuntiy in calgary what else is there i can do...

Question

Hello i'am new to islam and what i want to know i'am diabetic and i'am on medcation for that can i practice ramadan and if not what can i do  i don't have a lot of money to donate to the islamic comuntiy in calgary what else is there i can do.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

Since you cannot fast, you need to donate 1.6kg of wheat or its value to the poor as fidyah for each missed fast.  If you cannot afford this value, then you should make the intention that if you ever become capable of paying this value in the future, you will do so.

However, if your health ever permits you in the future to fast, then you will need to make up these fasts and cannot pay the above-mentioned fidyah.  In such a case, you will need to fast even if you had paid the fidyah.

قال مشايخنا إذا  كان مريض يعلم أن آخره الموت وامتد ذلك حتى أمكنه الإيصاء يجعل في هذه الحالة بمنزلة الشيخ الفاني

(المحيط البرهاني، كتاب الصوم، الفصل السابع، نوع آخر: 3/361؛ إدارة)

(أحسن الفتاوى، كتاب الصوم: 4/430؛ سعيد)

(المرجع السابق: 4/459)

(فتاوى رحيمية، كتاب الصوم، فدية صوم وصلاة: 7/271-272؛ الإشاعت)

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
My husband and i sinned ,we had a sexual intercourse while fasting in ramadan after the dawn.please guide us and tell us what we can do to have Allah forgiveness... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 96 – Title: My husband and i sinned ,we had a sexual intercourse while fasting in ramadan after the dawn.please guide us and tell us what we can do to have Allah forgiveness...

Question

My husband and i sinned ,we had a sexual intercourse while fasting in ramadan after the dawn.please guide us and tell us what we can do to have Allah forgiveness.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

If you forgetfully had sexual intercourse during the time of fasting, then your fast will not break nor would it require any qad?’ or kaff?rah. However, if this was done intentionally, then the fast will break and will necessitate, both, qad?’ and kaff?rah.  Therefore, in addition to making up this fast after Ramad?n (qad?’), you will need to fast for two consecutive lunar months or sixty days as kaff?rah.

If you start the first fast of your kaff?rah on the first of the lunar month, then you will fast for two consecutive lunar months, regardless of whether they are of twenty-nine or thirty days.  However, if you start the fast on any other day besides the first of the month, then you will fast sixty consecutive days.

It is important to note that the fasts must be consecutive.  If any day is missed in the middle, the whole kaff?rah will need to be restarted.  However, if a woman experiences her hayd (period) during the fasts, then she will continue the fasts as soon as her hayd finishes and will not need to restart the kaff?rah.

In addition to the qad?’ and kaff?rah, you and your husband should beg All?h Ta’?l? for forgiveness and make firm conviction not to repeat such an act.  Insh?All?h, All?h Ta’?l? will forgive you.

(وهي الجماع في أحد السبيلين) أي سبيل آدمي حي (على الفاعل) وإن لم ينزل (و) على (المفعول به)

(مراقي الفلاح المطبوع بحاشية الطحطاوي، كتاب الصوم، باب ما يفيد به الصوم وتجب به الكفارة مع القضاء: ص 664؛ العلمية)

(فتاوى محمودية، كتاب الصوم، باب قضاء الصوم وكفارته وفديته: 10/169-170؛ فاروقية)

(أحسن الفتاوى، كتاب الصوم: 4/451-452؛ سعيد)

(المرجع السابق: 4/460)

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Abrar Mirza,
Student Darul Iftaa

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
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