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Suppose I masturbate or had sex with wife during the night time in Ramdan. Do I need to have bath before subhi(dawn)?..If i enter to fasting without taking a bath wheather that fasting is valid? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 22 – Title: Suppose I masturbate or had sex with wife during the night time in Ramdan. Do I need to have bath before subhi(dawn)?..If i enter to fasting without taking a bath wheather that fasting is valid?

Question

I knew that We need to take bath before praying if we masturbated or having sex with wife. I would like to know the same case in fasting. Suppose I masturbate or had sex with wife during the night time in Ramsan. Do I need to have bath before subhi(dawn)?..If i enter to fasting without taking a bath wheather that fasting is valid?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

Being in such a state that one requires ghusl, does not prevent the fast from being valid. You may take the bath after the fast has already commenced, however it should not be unnecessarily delayed.

Please note that masturbation is not permissible, unless one spouse masturbates the other.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Husain Kadodia,

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
I am a boy and seem to urinate blood often....what do I do in Ramadaan??? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 21 – Title: I am a boy and seem to urinate blood often....what do I do in Ramadaan???

Question

Salaam mufti, I am a boy and seem to urinate blood often....what do I do in Ramadaan??? and urine seems to ejaculate from me aswell, does that break my wudu?

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

You should consult a physician for urinating blood. It is natural to urinate. That breaks wudhu only.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
I want to know when exactly should the zakat be paid?...All my husband's friends are hindu. I want to know what does Islam say about feeding hindus PDF Print E-mail

Q: 19 – Title: I want to know when exactly should the zakat be paid?...All my husband's friends are hindu. I want to know what does Islam say about feeding hindus

Question

Assalamualaikum,

1. I want to know when exactly should the zakat be paid? Does it have to be paid out in the month of Ramadan, or can it be paid one month before Ramadan? And if it has to be paid in Ramadan, when exactly, in the beginning or in the end? For this coming Ramadan, inshallah, my husband sent money to India on the first of Shaban. Is it valid to do that, or does he have to send anymore later in the month of Ramadan?

2. All my husband's friends are hindu. I want to know what does Islam say about feeding hindus (or any other non-muslims) in the same dinnerware that we household memebers use. And what about visiting their houses and eating from their dinnerware?

Jazakallah

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

1. In principle, zakat is due at the end of one lunar year. The beginning of the lunar year for zakat purposes will be from the time an individual becomes a saaheb-nisaab (bearer of minimum or more zakatable wealth). Therefore, the zakat due on an individual will differ according to his personal financial situation. As a principle, zakat is not due on every rich individual in Ramadaan. See the following explanation: Ahmed became rich (saaheb-nisaab) in Muharram. Nine months later, in Ramadaan, zakat is not due on him. Zakat will be due at the end of the twelfth lunar month, being Zil-Hajj. If Mohammad wants to discharge his zakat in Ramadaan, he may do so.
2. Feeding is an act of great virtue and reward. One may feed anyone, Muslim or non-Muslims with ones own resources. Caution should be taken that feeding non-Muslims should not be due to a close or bosom relationship with non-Muslims. That should not be taken as a Muslim cannot deal or be of help and assistance to non-Muslims. To deal with non-Muslims in permissible. To help and assist non-Muslims is an act of virtue and reward.

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
The mother is asking for Zaqaat money to defend the child. Is it alright to use zakaat money in this case? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 20 – Title: The mother is asking for Zaqaat money to defend the child. Is it alright to use zakaat money in this case?

Question

Assalamou Alaikum Mufti Sahab, I have a neighbour who is divorced and she is staying with her 3 yr old son. She is getting maintenance for the child. The child is currently going to an Islamic School. However, according to her, the father now wish, through legal action, to get the child to a private school. The mother is asking for Zaqaat money to defend the child. Is it alright to use zakaat money in this case?. The mother do have jewelleries etc. Jazak Allah for your attention.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

If the mother has jewelry and its value is equivalent or more than the minimum Zakah amount and she does not have liabilities equivalent to the value of jewelry, then she is not legitimate recipient of Zakat.

The issue of the 3 year son going to school and the dispute between the parents requires further clarity. Is the son not too small to go to school? Why is there a dispute?

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
I heard that only Hanafi Fiqh...Zakath on gold Jewellery for the purpose of wearing of women is to be given and the other three fiqh, no need for zakath on gold jewellery... PDF Print E-mail

Q: 18 – Title: I heard that only Hanafi Fiqh...Zakath on gold Jewellery for the purpose of wearing of women is to be given and the other three fiqh, no need for zakath on gold jewellery...

Question

I heard that only Hanafi Fiqh...Zakath on  gold Jewellery for the purpose of wearing of women is to be given and the other three fiqh, no need for zakath on gold jewellery, and in Shafi fiqh...we can go even for maximum 200 Miskal quantity without giving zakath, over and aboe this would be payable as zakath on wearing jewellery.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh

Hereunder is the explanation for zakah on jewelry for each madhab.

Hanafi Fiqh

Zakah is compulsory upon all types of gold items, regardless in what form it is; jewelry, nuggets, gold bricks, utensils, etc.  The weight of the gold will be taken into consideration and not its value.

الحنفية قالوا : الزكاة واجبة في الحلي سواء كان للرجال أو للنساء تبرا كان أو سبيكة آنية كان أو غيرها ويعتبر في زكاته الوزن لا القيمة

Maliki Fiqh

Zakah is not compulsory on the gold of those items which are permissible for example gold jewelry for women, gold sword, gold teeth, or artificial gold limbs.

However, zakah will be compulsory in the following:

  1. If the gold item breaks in such a manner that it is not possible to return it to its original form, except by molding.
  2. It breaks in such a manner that it is possible to return to its original form without molding it, but the owner does not intend to do so.
  3. It is intended to be used only for calamities and hard times.
  4. One prepared to give the gold item to a person who will become the owner, such as a wife or a daughter.
  5. One prepared the gold item to give in mahr to his wife, or to give to his son’s wife.
  6. The purpose is to sell it.

Zakah is compulsory on impermissible gold items such as gold utensils or a golden stick to apply kohl.  The weight of gold will be taken into consideration and not its value.

المالكية قالوا : الحلي المباح كالسوار للمرأة وقبضة السيف المعد للجهاد والسن والأنف للرجل لا زكاة فيه إلا في الأحوال الآتية : أولا : أن يتكسر بحيث لا يرجى عوده إلى ما كان عليه إلا بسبكه مرة أخرى ثانيا : أن يتكسر بحيث يمكن عوده بدون السبك مرة أخرى ولكن لم ينو مالكه إصلاحه ثالثا : أن يكون معدا لنوائب الدهر وحوادثه لا للاستعمال رابعا : أن يكون معدا لمن سيوجد للممالك من زوجة وبنت مثلا خامسا : أن يكون معدا لصداق من يريد أن يتزوجها أو يزوجها لولده سادسا : أن ينوي به التجارة ففي جميع هذه الأحوال تجب فيه الزكاة وأما الحلي المحرم : كالأواني والمرود والمكحلة فتجب فيه الزكاة بلا تفصيل والمعتبر في زكاة الحلي الوزن لا القيمة

Hanbali Fiqh

Zakah is not compulsory upon permissible jewelry which is intended for wearing or lending to a person for whom it is permissible to use.  If it is not for the purpose of wearing, then zakah will be compulsory if it reaches the nisaab by weight.  If it reaches the nisaab of zakah in value but not in weight, zakah is not compulsory.  Zakah is also compulsory upon impermissible jewelry as well as gold utensils if it reaches to the amount of nisaab by weight.

If a piece of jewelry breaks, but it is possible to wear it broken, then it will be treated as a normal piece of jewelry and zakah will not be given. If it is broken in such a manner that it’s no longer possible to wear it and it requires molding again, zakah will be compulsory. If it does not need molding and one intends to repair it, zakah will be given.

الحنابلة قالوا : لا زكاة في الحلي المباح المعد للاستعمال أو الإعارة لمن يباح له استعماله فإن كان غير معد للاستعمال فتجب زكاته إذا بلغ النصاب من جهة الوزن فإذا بلغ النصاب من جهة القيمة دون الوزن فلا تجب فيه الزكاة أما الحلي المحرم فتجب فيه الزكاة كما تجب في آنية الذهب والفضة البالغة نصابا وزنا وإذا انكسر الحلي فإن أمكن لبسه مع الكسر فهو كالصحيح لا تجب فيه الزكاة وإن لم يمكن فإن كان يحتاج في إصلاحه إلى صوغ وجبت فيه الزكاة وإن لم يحتج إلى صوغ ونوى إصلاحه فلا زكاة فيه

Shafi’i Fiqh

Zakah it not compulsory upon permissible jewelry on condition the owner is aware of it being in his ownership.  If he is not aware of it being in his ownership, for example he inherited a piece of jewelry which reaches to the amount of nisaab and a year passes without him knowing that he’s the owner, zakah will be compulsory upon it.

As for impermissible jewelry such as gold for men, zakah will be given.  Like wise if the women’s jewelry is extravagant, e.g. golden anklets which reach the amount of 200 mithqal, zakah will be compulsory.  Zakah is also compulsory upon gold and silver utensils.  Zakah must be paid on gold and silver necklaces if they do not have a coil of gold or silver. If the jewelry does have a coil of one of those two, then there is no zakah upon it.

الشافعية قالوا : لا تجب الزكاة في الحلي المباح الذي حال عليه الحول مع مالكه العالم به . أما إذا لم يعلم بملكه كأنه يرث حليا يبلغ نصابا ومضى عليه الحول بدون أن يعلم بانتقال الملك إليه فإنه تجب زكاته أما الحلي المحرم : كالذهب للرجل فإنه تجب فيه الزكاة ومثله حلي المرأة إذا كان فيه إسراف كخلخال المرأة إذا بلغ مائتي مثقال فإنه تجب فيه الزكاة أيضا كما تجب في آنية الذهب والفضة وتجب الزكاة في قلادة المرأة المأخوذة من الذهب والفضة المضروبين إذا لم تكن لها عروة من غير جنسها فإن كان لها عروة منهما فلا زكاة فيها ويعتبر في زكاة الحلي الوزن دون القيمة وإذا انكسر الحلي لم تجب زكاته إذا قصد إصلاحه . وكان إصلاحه ممكنا بلا صياغة وإلا وجبت

Al-Fiqh ‘ala al-madhib al-arab’ah (1-601) Dar al-Fikr

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

Ml. Ehzaz Ajmeri,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

 

 
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