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Is topical fluoride therapy permissible since it has ethanol in it? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 72 – Title: Is topical fluoride therapy permissible since it has ethanol in it?

Question

My child's dentist has recommended an application of Topical Fluoride. This is a preventative treatment to help reduce the risk of tooth decay. The Topical Fluoride application contains a trace of alcohol (Ethanol).The fluoride is painted on to the teeth and is easily removed using toothbrush.

Is the above mentioned dental treatment permissible?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

According to Hanafi Madhab, the prohibition of Khamr is restricted to the alcohol derived from grapes [and dates]. [1] The alcohol (ethanol) used in these medication is derived from non khamr sources. Consumption of non-khamr alcohol is permissible when used for the purpose of medication as long as it does not intoxicate.[2] Hence the use of Topical Fluoride Therapy will be permissible.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Student, Darul Iftaa
Canada

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[1] بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (5/ 112)

أَمَّا الْخَمْرُ فَهُوَ اسْمٌ لِلنِّيءِ مِنْ مَاءِ الْعِنَبِ إذَا غَلَى وَاشْتَدَّ وَقَذَفَ بِالزَّبَدِ، وَهَذَا عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ عَلَيْهِ الرَّحْمَةُ وَعِنْدَ أَبِي يُوسُفَ وَمُحَمَّدٍ عَلَيْهِمَا الرَّحْمَةُ مَاءُ الْعِنَبِ إذَا غَلَى وَاشْتَدَّ فَقَدْ صَارَ خَمْرًا وَتَرَتَّبَ عَلَيْهِ أَحْكَامُ الْخَمْرِ قَذَفَ بِالزَّبَدِ أَوْ لَمْ يَقْذِفْ بِهِ (وَجْهُ) قَوْلِهِمَا أَنَّ الرُّكْنَ فِيهَا مَعْنَى الْإِسْكَارِ وَذَا يَحْصُلُ بِدُونِ الْقَذْفِ بِالزَّبَدِ (وَجْهُ) قَوْلِ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ - رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ - أَنَّ مَعْنَى الْإِسْكَارِ لَا يَتَكَامَلُ إلَّا بِالْقَذْفِ بِالزَّبَدِ فَلَا يَصِيرُ خَمْرًا بِدُونِهِ
العناية شرح الهداية (10/ 89)

الْخَمْرُ، وَهِيَ عَصِيرُ الْعِنَبِ إذَا غُلِيَ وَاشْتَدَّ

[2] لانّ الاشربة المتخذة من غير العنب و التمر تحلّ عند ابى حنيفة و ابى يوسف بقصد التقوى او لتداوى ما لم تبلغ حد الاسكار ... فان كانت الكحول المستعملة فى الادوية متخذة من غير العنب و التمر فان تناولها جائز فى مذهب ابى حنيفة و ابى يوسف رحمهما الله ما لم تبلغ حد الاسكار و يمكن ان يؤخذ بقولهما لحاجة التداوى ( بحوث في قضايا فقهية معاصرة   ج 1 ص 340)

 
Is the practice of injecting brine to chicken before sale permissible? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 71 – Title: Is the practice of injecting brine to chicken before sale permissible?

Question

Some poultry abattoirs inject Brine into the chickens in the process between slaughter and packing. This reportedly serves to elongate shelf life of the chickens. But it also increases the size of the chickens as well as the weight.

Is this practice acceptable in Shariah? Kindly assist us.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Brine injection in poultry carcass is an industrial practice to enhance the taste, tenderize the meat and prolong the shelf life.

This practice is generally governed by Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.[1]

The practice of using salt as a preservative was prevalent in older times as well.[2]

However, since injecting brine solution increases the weight of the chicken carcass, this increase in weight should be clearly mentioned on the packaging. This is also a legal requirement as well. Concealing this increase in weight due to the brine solution may lead to deception.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Faisal bin Abdul Hameed
Student, Darul Iftaa
Canada

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[1] http://www.pmg.org.za/report/20110322-department-agriculture-department-trade-industry-poultry-brine-inject (accessed 21st Sept. 2011)

[2] فِي الْمُغْرِبِ سَمَكٌ مَلِيحٌ وَمَمْلُوحٌ وَهُوَ الْقَدِيدُ الَّذِي فِيهِ الْمِلْحُ (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) 5/ 211)

ينبغي أن يحترموا ويعظموا ويرجع إليهم ولأن الملح يحفظ الطعام ويمنع من ورود الفساد عليه  - فيض القدير (5/ 516)

 
Are Muslims allowed to eat cross buns? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 69 – Title: Are Muslims allowed to eat cross buns?

Question

Are Muslims allowed to eat cross buns? They are commonly sold during Easter holidays. They don’t have animal fat in it.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

A cross-bun is a sweet, yeast-leavened, spiced bun made with currants or raisins, often with candied citrus fruits, marked with a cross on the top.  In many historically Christian countries, buns are traditionally eaten hot or toasted on Good Friday, with the cross standing as a symbol of the Crucifixion.[i]

As cross buns are usually available in the Easter period, ate usually on Good Friday and explicitly have a cross symbolising Crucifixion, it will be impermissible to buy and eat such items.  It does not befit a Muslim to take part directly or indirectly in the customs of other religions and nations.  Allah Ta’ala has blessed us with a unique identity to be proud of.   Muslims should have a sense of honour preventing them from adopting the characteristics of others.

The prohibition of consuming the cross bun is not necessarily due to the ingredients; rather the restriction is founded upon the principles of resemblance with another nation (tashabbuh) and assisting in sin.

Technically speaking, the ingredients of the cross bun maybe of a halaal nature, but the impermissibility is due to the external factors of resemblance and assistance in sin.  A principle of fiqh states “Acts are judged by the intention behind them.”[ii] The intention behind the cross buns are totally un-Islamic, hence the ruling will be issued accordingly.   By purchasing a hot cross bun, you will be assisting the cause and intention it was made for.  Furthermore, a look at the history of the hot cross bun reveals the ideologies it represents.

The sign of the cross marked into breads was acceptable on Good Friday to the Puritans (and other Protestant groups) because it commemorated the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his death at Calvary.[iii]

It is believed that buns marked with a cross were eaten by Saxons in honour of the goddess Eostre (the cross is thought to have symbolised the four quarters of the moon); "Eostre" is probably the origin of the name "Easter".

English folklore includes many superstitions surrounding hot cross buns. One of them says that buns baked and served on Good Friday will not spoil or become mouldy during the subsequent year. Another encourages keeping such a bun for medicinal purposes. A piece of it given to someone who is ill is said to help them recover.

Sharing a hot cross bun with another is supposed to ensure friendship throughout the coming year, particularly if "Half for you and half for me, Between us two shall goodwill be" is said at the time. Because of the cross on the buns, some say they should be kissed before being eaten. If taken on a sea voyage, hot cross buns are said to protect against shipwreck. If hung in the kitchen, they are said to protect against fires and ensure that all breads turn out perfectly. The hanging bun is replaced each year.

With all these un-Islamic concepts and beliefs tied to the cross-bun, it would be naive of a Muslim to even consider consuming it.

Allah Ta’ala states in the Quran,

“And do not incline toward those who do wrong, lest you be touched by the Fire, and you would not have other than Allah any protectors; then you would not be helped.”[iv]

We have been ordered by Allah not to even be inclined to the ways of the wrongdoers.

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,

“Whoever resembles a nation will be regarded as from amongst them.” [v]

The Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said in another hadith,

“Whoever performs prayer like us, faces our Qibla and eats our slaughtered meat he is a Muslim.”[vi]

This hadith indicates to three actions which cause resemblance:

1)     Similarity in prayer

2)     Similarity in venerating a shrine

3)     Similarity in food consumed

Eating food which is associated to a religion gives the consumer resemblance with the people of that religion.

The ruling on the different types of resemblance (tashabbuh):

1)     To resemble the disbelievers in belief is tantamount to disbelief.  Likewise to wear an emblem of another religion results in kufr.  For example, to resemble the Christians in the belief of trinity or wearing a cross around the neck will make one an apostate.

2)     To resemble the disbelievers in national customs is totally prohibited.  For example, to partake in St.Valentines day.

3)     To make use of permissible (mubah) items and to do permissible deeds will not fall under the category of resemblance (tashabbuh).  For example to use a watch, transport, weapons etc.  This will be permissible.

4)     To resemble the sinful believers or the innovators amongst them is also disliked.  To wear or act like the sinful will fall under this category and will be disliked (makruh).[vii]

The principle to detect resemblance is: if you look at something and diverts your mind to another religion or tribe, then by doing that will bear the laws of resemblance (tashabbuh).[viii]

Purchasing and eating a cross bun will also be prohibited due to assisting in sin.  One who buys and consumes it is promoting the ideology of Easter.  Hence, it will be prohibited for promoting un-Islamic values and ideologies.[ix]

In conclusion, it is impermissible to buy and eat hot cross buns, as there is resemblance with the disbelievers and it promotes their false ideology and views.  There are many halaal foods available in the market, some of which are tastier than the hot cross bun.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz Ibn Adam,
Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[i] See Wikipedia entry ‘Hot cross buns’

[ii] الأمور بمقاصدها (شرح المجلة ج1 ص13 مكتبة رشيدية)

[iii] See ‘The history of the hot cross bun’ at historicalfoods.com

[iv] وَلَا تَرْكَنُوا إِلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا فَتَمَسَّكُمُ النَّارُ وَمَا لَكُمْ مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ مِنْ أَوْلِيَاءَ ثُمَّ لَا تُنْصَرُونَ (سورة هود 11)

[v]Sunan Abi Dawud 6/144 Dar ar-risaalah

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُمْ

[vi] Sahih al-Bukhari p.108 Dar ibn Kathir

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَنْ صَلَّى صَلَاتَنَا وَاسْتَقْبَلَ قِبْلَتَنَا وَأَكَلَ ذَبِيحَتَنَا فَذَلِكَ الْمُسْلِمُ الَّذِي لَهُ ذِمَّةُ اللَّهِ وَذِمَّةُ رَسُولِهِ فَلَا تُخْفِرُوا اللَّهَ فِي ذِمَّتِهِ

[vii] Tuhfatul Ulama 2/127-129 and Fatawa al-Mahmudiyyah 19/553

[viii] Tuhfatul Ulama 2/128

[ix] Fatawa al-Mahmudiyyah 18/35

 

 
Is it permissible to consume elephant meat? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 70 – Title: Is it permissible to consume elephant meat?

Question

Is it permissible to consume elephant meat?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Food plays a vital role in our lives.  The famous proverb states, “You are what you eat.”  The Shari’ah has made the majority of edible substances permissible.  However, some animals possessing certain traits have been prohibited.

The famous hadith of Sayyiduna Abdullah ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) states that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) prohibited the eating of all fanged beasts of prey, and all the birds having talons.” [i]

The definition given by the Ibn Nujaym (Allah have mercy on him) for a predatory animal is as follows:

“A predator is every animal that would normally prey, quarry, wound, kill and transgress on other animals (or humans).” [ii]

“An elephant is a fanged animal; hence, it will be prohibitively disliked (makruh) to consume its meat.” [iii]

Imam al-Haskafi (Allah have mercy on him), whilst mentioning the list of haram animals, states that it is not permissible to eat the meat of an elephant. [iv]

Although an elephant is different from other predatory animals in that it does not prey and live on other animals like other predators. However, due to the fact that an elephant can harm, kill and attack other animals, it has the attributes of natural predatory animals.  Thus the jurists gave the elephants the same ruling as natural predators.[v]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz Ibn Adam,
Student Darul Iftaa
UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[i] عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ كُلِّ ذِي نَابٍ مِنْ السِّبَاعِ وَعَنْ كُلِّ ذِي مِخْلَبٍ مِنْ الطَّيْرِ (صحيح مسلم ص 1534 دار إحياء الكتب العربية)

[ii] وَالسَّبُعُ اسْمٌ لِكُلِّ مُخْتَطِفٍ مُنْتَهِبٍ جَارِحٍ قَاتِلٍ عَادٍ عَادَةً (البحر الرائق ج 3 ص 63 دار الكتب العلمية)

[iii] وَالْفِيلُ ذُو نَابٍ فَيُكْرَهُ ، (شرح فتح القدير ج 10 ص 510 دار الكتب العلمية)

[iv] ( وَالْفِيلُ ) وَالضَّبُّ ، وَمَا رُوِيَ مِنْ أَكْلِهِ مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى الِابْتِدَاءِ (رد المحتار ج6 ص 306 أيج أيم سعيد)

[v] فإن قلت إن لم يكن من السباع فلا يكره , قلت الناس لا يعدونه من السباع ولكن فيه معنى السبعية وإلحاقه بالسباع بنوع من الاجتهاد (البناية ج 10 ص 698 دار الفكر)

 

 
Are pork enzymes haram to eat? ... a wise person I trust told me that the prophet mohmmad (PBOH) said that "if the pork weights less than an ounce then it is okay to eat". PDF Print E-mail

Q: 68 – Title: Are pork enzymes haram to eat? ... a wise person I trust told me that the prophet mohmmad (PBOH) said that "if the pork weights less than an ounce then it is okay to eat".

Question

Are pork enzymes haram to eat?

I dont beleive so, because enzymes are so very small (smaller than an atom) and a wise person I trust told me that the prophet mohmmad (PBOH) said that "if the pork weights less than an ounce then it is okay to eat".

One of the reason that we don’t eat pork is because it is bad for you right? well pork enzyemes are so small that you would have to get a huge big-high tech. microscope just to see it, and even then it is still not clear! so it wouldn’t affect your body at all.

I want to know if it is okay to eat them? my friend think that all enzymes are haram but it is only a chemical that is use to speed up a reaction. I am a young muslim trying to get answer, can you help me please?

Answer

Assalamu `alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabrakatuh,

Pork is haram (absolutely prohibited. Pork enzymes are also haram. There is no hadith that states one may eat lesser than one ounce of enzymes.

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Daruliftaa
35 Candella Rd, Durban, South Africa

 

 
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