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Can we travel from our place to Makkah (without wearing Ehraam from Meeqaat) for offering Namaaz and Tawaaf only? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 101 –  Question : Can we travel from our place to Makkah (without wearing Ehraam from Meeqaat) for offering Namaaz and Tawaaf only?

Please provide the answers in the view of all four A'immah Kiraam.
Answer
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Answer :

According to the Hanafi Madhab, principally, you cannot travel from Riyaadh to Makkah without wearing the Ihraam, even if you only intend performing Salaah and Tawaaf. It is necessary to enter into the state of Ihraam from the Meeqaat and perform Umrah or Hajj.[6]
These answers are in accordance with the Hanafi Madhab.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Maulana Mahmood Patel
Azaadville, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[6] [(وَحَرُمَ تَأْخِيرُ الْإِحْرَامِ عَنْهَا) كُلِّهَا (لِمَنْ) أَيْ لِآفَاقِيٍّ (قَصَدَ دُخُولَ مَكَّةَ) يَعْنِي الْحَرَمَ (وَلَوْ لِحَاجَةٍ)] (قَوْلُهُ غَيْرَ الْحَجِّ) كَمُجَرَّدِ الرُّؤْيَةِ وَالنُّزْهَةِ أَوْ التِّجَارَةِ فَتْحٌ (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 476-477) دار الفكر)

 
I would like to ask few questions about women's Tahaarat: PDF Print E-mail

Q: 101 – Question : I would like to ask few questions about women's Tahaarat:

1.      Can a woman enter Masjid-al-Haram/Masjid-an-Nabawi or any other mosque during her periods?
2.      In case not, what if someone has entered Masjid-al-Haram during such a condition?
3.      Some children ask their mothers why they are not offering prayers. Is it allowed if one offers prayers in these days just to make an impression on their children?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Answer to:

1.        A woman is not allowed to enter Masjid-al-Haram/Masjid-an-Nabawi or any other mosque during her menses.[3]

2.        If she did enter during her menses, she will be sinful although there is no penalty on her. She should make sincere Taubah (repentance) for such an act which also entails making a firm intention not to repeat such a sin again.[4]

3.        A woman is not allowed to offer prayers in the days of her menses even if she does not intend performing actual Salaah but only does the actions to make an impression on her children that she is performing Salaah. What she should do is make Wudhu (ablution) and only sit on her Musallah (prayer mat) or in the place she normally performs Salaah (e.g. the corner of her room or what is referred to as 'the Salaah room'). In fact, it is Mustahab (commendable) for her to do this every time she is in menses and not only when she wants to make an impression on the children.[5]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Maulana Mahmood Patel
Azaadville, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[3] [(وَ) يَمْنَعُ حِلَّ (دُخُولِ مَسْجِدٍ)] (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 291) دار الفكر-بيروت)
[4] المرجع السابق

[5] (قَوْلُهُ صَلَاةً) أَيْ يَمْنَعُ صِحَّتَهَا وَيُحَرِّمُهَا وَاعْتُرِضَ بِأَنَّهُ يُسْتَحَبُّ لَهَا الْوُضُوءُ وَالْقُعُودُ فِي مُصَلَّاهَا وَهُوَ تَشَبُّهٌ بِالصَّلَاةِ. اهـ تَأَمَّلْ
(الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 291-290) دار الفكر-بيروت)

 
Is it permissible for me to go for Hajj before I settle my debts? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 100 – Title: Is it permissible for me to go for Hajj before I settle my debts?

Question

I took a loan one year ago for a tenor of five years. With the loan amount, I bought a car and ran it for around eight months.  Recently I sold the car.  Can I go for Haj with the amount received from selling the car or do I have to settle my loan first?  Need to mention that I am solvent enough to continue my loan for the remaining periods.  I am eager to do Haj this year.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

If you continue fulfilling the arrangement made with your creditor to pay your loan to him, it is permissible for you to perform your Hajj this year. [1]

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mawlana Abdul Azim bin Abdur Rahman,
Student Darul Iftaa
US
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1]  (قَوْلُهُ مِمَّنْ يَجِبُ اسْتِئْذَانُهُ) كَأَحَدِ أَبَوَيْهِ الْمُحْتَاجِ إلَى خِدْمَتِهِ وَالْأَجْدَادُ وَالْجَدَّاتُ كَالْأَبَوَيْنِ عِنْدَ فَقْدِهِمَا، وَكَذَا الْغَرِيمُ لِمَدْيُونٍ لَا مَالَ لَهُ يَقْضِي بِهِ، وَالْكَفِيلُ لَوْ بِالْإِذْنِ، فَيُكْرَهُ خُرُوجُهُ بِلَا إذْنِهِمْ كَمَا فِي الْفَتْحِ، وَظَاهِرُهُ أَنَّ الْكَرَاهَةَ تَحْرِيمِيَّةٌ وَلِذَا عَبَّرَ الشَّارِحُ بِالْوُجُوبِ، وَزَادَ فِي الْبَحْرِ عَنْ السَّيْرِ وَكَذَا إنْ كَرِهَتْ خُرُوجَهُ زَوْجَتُهُ وَمَنْ عَلَيْهِ نَفَقَتُهُ. اهـ. وَالظَّاهِرُ أَنَّ هَذَا إذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ مَا يَدْفَعُهُ لِلنَّفَقَةِ فِي غَيْبَتِهِ قَالَ فِي الْبَحْرِ: وَهَذَا كُلُّهُ فِي حَجِّ الْفَرْضِ.(رد المحتار, ج 2, ص 456, سعيد)

 
I am living and working in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia for the past 4 years. This Ramzaan we went for Umrah and stayed in Makkah till Eid. On the second day of Eid, we travelled to Jeddah and stayed for one complete day. On our way back to Riyaadh, we lost our d PDF Print E-mail

Q: 101 –  Question : I am living and working in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia for the past 4 years. This Ramzaan we went for Umrah and stayed in Makkah till Eid. On the second day of Eid, we travelled to Jeddah and stayed for one complete day. On our way back to Riyaadh, we lost our directions and entered the Hudood-e-Haram.

There are few questions regarding the above situation.

1.      Is there any penalty on us for entering Hudood-e-Haram without Ehraam?

2.      Although we didn't go to Masjid-al-Haram for Namaaz/Tawaaf, was it allowed to do so?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullahi wa-barakatuh.

Answer to Question:

1.   When you lost your directions on your way back to Riyaadh because of which you landed up in the area of the Haram, there is one of two possibilities:

a)     While lost, you went beyond any of the Meeqaat boundaries (i.e. in the direction away from Makkah) and thereafter re-entered and passed the Meeqaat (i.e. in the direction towards Makkah), and finally entered the boundaries of the Haram. In this case, because you were lost and thus entered the area of the Haram unintentionally, there is no penalty due on you.[1]

b)    While lost, you did not go beyond any of the Meeqaat boundaries, but remained within the Hill (i.e. that area between the Meeqaat and the area of the Haram), thereafter, you entered the area of the Haram unintentionally. In this case also, there is no penalty on you.[2]

Therefore, in any case you do not have to give any penalty for entering the Haram without Ihraam.

2.   It is not compulsory for a person who is in Makkah to perform Salaah and Tawaaf in the Masjidul-Haraam. If you did not go to the Masjidul-Haraam for Salaah and Tawaaf, there is no sin on you and neither is there any penalty due on you.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Maulana Mahmood Patel
Azaadville, South Africa
Student Darul Iftaa
Checked and Approved by
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[1] وَقَوْلُهُ (عَلَى قَصْدِ دُخُولِ مَكَّةَ) قَيَّدَهُ بِذَلِكَ لِأَنَّهُ لَوْ لَمْ يَقْصِدْ ذَلِكَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُحْرِمَ. (العناية شرح الهداية (2/ 425) دار الفكر-بيروت)
[2] [(وَحَلَّ لِأَهْلِ دَاخِلِهَا) يَعْنِي لِكُلِّ مَنْ وُجِدَ فِي دَاخِلِ الْمَوَاقِيتِ (دُخُولُ مَكَّةَ غَيْرَ مُحْرِمٍ) مَا لَمْ يُرِدْ نُسُكًا]
(قَوْلُهُ يَعْنِي لِكُلِّ إلَخْ) أَشَارَ إلَى أَنَّ الْمُرَادَ بِالْأَهْلِ مَا يَشْمَلُ مَنْ قَصَدَهُمْ مِنْ غَيْرِهِمْ كَمَا أَفَادَهُ قَبْلَهُ بِقَوْلِهِ أَمَّا لَوْ قَصَدَ مَوْضِعًا مِنْ الْحِلِّ إلَخْ (قَوْلُهُ غَيْرَ مُحْرِمٍ) حَالٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ وَلَمْ يَجْمَعْهُ نَظَرًا إلَى لَفْظِ أَهَلَّ فَإِنَّهُ مُفْرَدٌ وَإِنْ كَانَ مَعْنَاهُ جَمْعًا ح لِأَنَّ الْمَكِّيَّ إذَا خَرَجَ إلَى الْحِلِّ الَّذِي فِي دَاخِلِ الْمِيقَاتِ الْتَحَقَ بِأَهْلِهِ (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 478) دار الفكر-بيروت)

 
I have enough resources to go for Hajj. My wife is pregnant and my father wants me to do Hajj next year. Is Hajj obligatory on me? PDF Print E-mail

Q: 99 – Title: I have enough resources to go for Hajj. My wife is pregnant and my father wants me to do Hajj next year. Is Hajj obligatory on me?

Question
I am the only son of my parents and we are living in UAE. My question is at the moment my wife and me have enough resources (gold cash) to go for hajj this year. We have two kids age 1 & 2. My wife is pregnant and the expected date of delivery is 5 Sept. 2012. I want to know what will be the obligations of Hajj on us with these circumstances whereas my father is insisting me to save some money for buying the house in home country and do hajj next year. Please advise. JazakAllah Khair

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salamu `alaykum wa-rahmatullahiwa-barakatuh.

In principle, if one has sufficient means over and above one’s needs and requirements to fulfill the needs of one’s family to perform Hajj, it becomes obligatory on one to perform Hajj immediately.[1]

It is obligatory on you and your wife to perform Hajj this year if you and your wife have sufficient means to perform Hajj.

If your wife becomes ill and cannot manage to perform Hajj, it will be permissible for her to delay the performance of Hajj.[2]

You state that your father is insisting that you save money to buy a new house and perform Hajj next year.
Kindly consider the following options:

Your wife is ill; therefore she is not obligated to go for Hajj this year. She may perform Hajj next year. In that case, she will have to be accompanied by her Mahram.

You may use the same money that your wife could use to perform Hajj to buy a new house e.t.c.

You are not excused from performing Hajj; therefore you will be obligated to proceed for the performance of Hajj.

If you do not perform Hajj, we advise you to record the following in your will that “If I pass away and did not perform Hajj, then I appoint so and so to perform Hajj – E- Badal on my behalf”.

You will have to proceed to perform Hajj the following year if you did not perform Hajj.

And Allah knows best.

Mawlana Ismail Desai
Durban, South Africa
Student DarulIftaa
Checked and Approved
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


1 فرض مرة علي الفور( تنوير الابصار و جامع البحار، ج 3، ص 455- 456، ايج ايم سعيد)
يفترض في العمر مرة و يوجبه مضيقا لا موسعا علي كل مسلم حرعاقل بالغ قادر علي الزاد و الراحلة و نفقة الذهاب و الاياد و الاياب فاضلا عن حوائجه الاصلية و نفقة عيالها الي حين عوده مع امن الطريق(مجمع البحرين، كتاب الحج، ص 217، العلمية)
فرض مرة علي الفور في الاصح( امداد الفتاح، كتاب الحج، ص 687)
[2]  و التاخير بعذر جائز( المحيط البرهاني، ج 3، ص 395، ادارة)

 
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