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What happens to the souls in barzakh? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 325 ? Title: What happens to the souls in barzakh?

Question

We know that the shaheed is not dead and are living amongst us and are getting their risk but I want to know that what happens to the other people like us who are not shaheed and die a natural death at hands of Izrael? What happens to our soul where it goes do we go in eternal slumber or we go to a place called barzakh and please tell me more about barzakh?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

The life of this world is nothing in comparison to the life of the Hereafter.? The experiences, happiness and sorrows of this life are microscopic in relation to the Afterlife.? The phenomenon commences when the soul exits the body.? At such a crucial stage, there are two groups: the fortunate ones and the wretched ones.[i]

The fortunate ones are received like kings.? Hundreds of angels receive them, fragrance surrounds them and light engulfs them.? They are escorted to Almighty Allah Ta??l? in a convoy of light comprised of the angels.[ii]

The wretched ones are terrorised from the moment they sight the hereafter unfolding.? Repulsive black angels, putrid smell and fire grasps them.? Their souls are ripped out of their bodies and driven to Almighty Allah.[iii]

Once the soul exits the body, it enters Inter-space (barzakh).? This is another world and realm altogether.? This is the intermediary state between the two worlds.[iv]

The treatment one receives in Inter-space (barzakh) is a reflection of one?s deeds and actions in this world.? If a person was an obedient slave of Almighty Allah, he will be entertained with royalty.? If he was anything to the contrary, words cannot describe his ordeal.? This concept can be understood by analogising Inter-space (barzakh) to waiting in transit at an airport.? The holders of privilege cards and bonus points? holders are reclining in the first class luxury lounges.? Some are entertained in the business lounge, others are offered free meals, and some are only entitled to a free drink.? There will be those passengers who are not entitled to anything.? Worse than that, some passengers are left stranded in transit, others face ordeals and troubles with flight cancellations and suffer prolonged anxiety.? This is a depiction of the souls in Inter-space (barzakh).? Different souls receive different privileges based on their ?points? they score in this world.

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawz?yyah rahimahullah explains the condition of the souls in this intermediary realm in his renowned work, Kit?b al-r?h.? He mentions that everyone?s soul is in the following different stations within Inter-space[v]:

1) ?A?l? ?ill?y?n (The highest station): This station is exclusive for the Prophets (alaihim al-sal?m).? Even in this station, there are different echelons and spheres.

2) In green birds: These are the souls of the martyrs who did not have any debt outstanding.? Some martyrs will not receive this station due the debts they owe.

3) Courtyards at the gates of Paradise: The souls of the pious believers will dwell here.

4) Graves: souls of a percentage of the righteous believers will be in their respective graves.

5) Earth: a number of wretched souls will be constrained to the Earth.? They will not be privileged to go to the Heavens.

6) Cauldrons: The souls of the fornicators will be gathered in these huge cauldrons.

7) Rivers of blood: The souls of the evil ones will be drowning in rivers of blood whilst being pelted with boulders.

8) Sijj?n: The souls of the disbelievers will be shackled in this realm which is situated beneath the seventh Earth.

The higher the station, the more the soul will be entertained with the blessings of Allah.? Likewise, the lower the station, the more wrath and torment will be let loose on the soul.

May Allah Ta??l? make us from amongst the ones who dwell in the highest of stations.? Ameen.

Every person should be striving to attain the highest of ranks in the Hereafter.? The real winner is he who attains a lofty rank and a real loser is he who loses the opportunity to attain a rank.? Once we leave this world, nothing materialistic will be of any benefit.? If we contemplate on these ranks and the events we have to still attend, it will most certainly motivate us to please Allah the Almighty.

There are some deeds every Muslim should do daily without fail to safeguard his/her faith.? Below is a checklist which everybody should try and adhere to.? Every night, take account of yourself and see if you practiced the ?5 points?.

Men must perform their 5 times sal?h in the masjid with the congregation.? Likewise, women should perform 5 times sal?h at home in the recommended time.

Recite a portion of the Qur??n daily according to one?s capacity.

1) Study the English translation of the Qur??n for 10-15 minutes daily.? We recommend Ma??riful Qur??n by Mufti Muhammad Shafi sahib or Tafseer Uthmani by Maulana Shabeer Ahmed Uthmani sahib (Allah have mercy on them).

2) Perform zikr (remembrance of Allah) daily.? The recitation of 100 times Salaw?t on the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), a 100 times Istighf?r and a 100 times third kalimah some time in the morning and evening.

3) Do your utmost to fulfil the rights of people.? Do not oppress or hurt anyone.

If there is a downpour of rain and we see shelter, we immediately run to that shelter.? Likewise, when there is a downpour of trials, the shelter is the company of the pious and god-fearing.? Frequent the gatherings of the pious in your locality.? Also, try and spend some time with the brothers in Tabl?gh Jam??ah.? It is a praiseworthy work with the sole aim of refreshing and reviving the faith of the people.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz Ibn Adam,
Student Darul Iftaa

UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Husain Kadodia.
www.daruliftaa.net



[i] ??? ???? ???????

?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? (??? ?????? 3332)

[ii] ??? ???? ????

???? ?????????? ???? ???????? ?????: ????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???????: " ???????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ???? ????????? "? ????? ?????: " ????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? (??? ?????? 18534)

[iii] ??? ???? ????

?????: " ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????????: ?????????? ????????? ????????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? " (??? ?????? 18534)

[iv] ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????????? (???????? 100)

[v] ??? ???? ?????

??? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ???? ????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????????

????????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????

????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????

????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????

????????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????

????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ???????????? ???? ??????????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????

????????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? (?117-115 ??? ????? ???????)

 
Why is my dua not granted? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 324 ? Title: Why is my dua not granted?

Question

I am aware that upon doing dua, one should persist and not become impatient saying, ?I did dua but it was not answered.?

However, one thing that has confused me is how a dua done at time when it is stated that dua is readily granted appears not to have been granted.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

Making du?? is from amongst the shortest and fastest routes that leads one to Allah Ta??l?.? Du?? is a display of humility and humbleness.? The slave of Allah testifies his weakness and surrenders his affairs to His Master.? To understand the reality of du??, ponder over the following ah?dith:

The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

?Du?? is the essence of worship.?[i](Sunan Tirmidhi hadith no.3371)

In a nut (e.g. almond) that which is within the shell is the main part and is really sought by the person who eats it. This part is valuable.?Likewise, the core of all worship is submission.? Du?? from beginning till end is submission.? In comparison to other forms of worship, in du?? the aspect of humility, meekness and dependence upon Almighty Allah is most fervently.

Allah the Almighty appreciates His slaves begging Him and seeking His mercy. The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

?There is nothing nobler in the sight of Allah than Du??.?[ii] (Sunan Tirmidhi hadith no.3370)

Let alone appreciating, Allah Ta??l? is displeased when His slave does not turn to him.

The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said, ?Whoever does not ask Allah, Allah becomes displeased with him.?[iii] (Sunan Tirmidhi hadith no.3373)

Such is the mercy of Allah that He appreciates His servants beseeching Him and He gets displeased when His servants do not turn to Him.? Allah Ta??l? addresses us personally ordering us to call upon Him:

?And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.? [iv](Qur??n 2:186)

The Qur??n and Ah?dith demonstrate the fact that Allah Ta??l? wants us to turn to Him in every affair of our life.? Allah promises himself to respond in the above quoted verse.? Allah Ta??l? is self sufficient and the Provider.? He gives like no other.? By Him giving, His treasures do not diminish.? Allah Ta??l? is ever ready to respond to His slaves.? Consider the following verse how Allah responds:

???? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ???? ????????????? (189) ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? (190) (???? ???????)

?It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to Allah their Lord, (saying): "If You should give us a good [child], we will surely be among the grateful.

But when He gives them a good [child], they ascribe partners to Him concerning that which He has given them. Exalted is Allah above what they associate with Him.?

Despite the resulting disobedience from the parents, Allah Ta??l? still grants them a good and healthy child.? Likewise, in the following verse, Allah Ta??l? responds to those who use Him for protection in sea and then forget Him when He brings them back to land.? Allah Ta??l? still responds to them.

???? ??????? ????????????? ??? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ???? ????????????? (22) ???????? ??????????? ????? ???? ????????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ??????????? (23)(????)

?It is Him who enables you to travel through land and sea, till when you are in the ships and they sail with them with a favourable wind, and they are glad therein, then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think that they are encircled therein, they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him Alone, saying: "If You (Allah) deliver us from this, we shall truly be of the grateful.

But when He saves them, at once they commit injustice upon the earth without right. O mankind, your injustice is only against yourselves, [being merely] the enjoyment of worldly life. Then to Us is your return, and We will inform you of what you used to do.? (Qur??n 10:23)

A du?? being accepted does not refer to you being granted what you asked for.? The scope of an accepted du?? is broader than that. ?The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

?There is no Muslim who supplicates to Allah Almighty with a supplication which is free from anything wrong and asking for severance from his kin, without Allah granting one of three things: He readily grants him what he is asking for, or the like of it is stored for him as a reward in the hereafter, or He will turn away the like of it in evil from him.? ?A man of the people said, "We do it a great deal." He said, "Allah has more (than you could ever ask for).?[v] (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba had?th no.29170)

At times what we ask for may not be beneficial for us.? We are not aware of the consequences of our choices.? Some decisions we make can have an adverse effect on our lives.? Allah knows the favourable and unfavourable.? It is His sheer mercy that He does not give us what we are asking for. At times an impending calamity is about to befall us which could cripple us.? It is from the vast mercy of Allah that He does not give us what we are asking for but instead he averts the affliction which is on the verge of grasping us.

To secure anything in this world we have to follow procedures and protocols.? To be successful in a job interview, one has to present himself at the right time, be in the correct dress code, speak in acceptable manner and display a convincing attitude.? Likewise in du??, one must follow the protocols and procedures to have his du?? accepted.

The Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

?The slave continues to be answered, provided he does not pray for a wrong action or severance of kin, as long as he does not become over-impatient." It was said, "Messenger of Allah, what is over-impatience?" He said, "He says, 'I prayed and I prayed and I did not find Him answering me,' so he stops short at that and ceases making supplication."[vi] (Muslim hadith no.2735)

Imam Ghaz?li (rahimahullah) mentions the following ten etiquettes for the acceptance of du??:

1) Making abundant du?? in sacred and special times of acceptance.? For example, on the day of ?Arafah, Jumu?ah, in Ramadh?n and in the last portion of the nights etc.

2) To make du?? in specific states.? There are certain circumstances in which du??s are readily accepted.? Such as in the state of prostration, at the confrontation of two armies, at the time of rain, before and after sal?h etc.

3) To face the qiblah, raise the hands and wipe the hands over the face upon completing the du??.

4) To have the voice lowered.

5) To invoke Allah Ta??l? through words and sentences which the Prophet (salallhu alaihi wasllam) taught us.? It is undesirable to put a lot of effort to make our own rhymes and rhythms in du??.

6) To display humblesness externally and have the heart submit totally.

7) To have a firm conviction that Allah Ta??l? will accept the du??.? One should have full hope that Allah most definitely will respond to his/her prayer.

8) To persist in du?? and repeat each invocation at least three times.

9) To commence the du?? with the praise of Almighty Allah, sending blessings upon the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) and to conclude the du?? with the praise of Allah and blessings upon the Prophet.

10) One must make sure he has sought the forgiveness of Allah and sincerely repented before asking Allah from His bounties.

If one has oppressed anybody or hurt anyone, the oppressed person?s forgiveness must be sought immediately.? Tawbah (repentance) is only valid when those whom we have wronged have pardoned us.[vii]

In conclusion, one?s du?? being accepted does not necessarily mean being given what was asked for.? If a du?? is accepted, we could receive what was asked for, or an impending calamity can be averted, or the du?? can be reserved for us in the hereafter as reward.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

Mawlana Faraz Ibn Adam,
Student Darul Iftaa

UK

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[i] ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????: ??????????? ????? ???????????? (??? ??????? ??? ?????? 3371)

[ii] ???? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????: ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????????? (??? ??????? ??? ?????? 3370)

[iii] ???? ????? ??????????? ?????: ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????????: ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????????(??? ??????? ??? ?????? 3373)

[iv] ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? (???? ?????? 186)

[v] ????? ????? ???????: ????? ??????? ???????: " ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????: ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? "? ???????: ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????: ???????? ????????? (???? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?????? 29170)

[vi] ???? ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????: ???? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????? ??????? ??? ???? ????????????? ?????: ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???????????????? ?????: ???????: ????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ???? ?????????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? (???? ???? ??? ?????? 2735)

[vii] ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? " ???????? ": ????? ?????? ????: ?????: ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????.

??????: ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????.

????: ????? ???? ?????.

??????: ???????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????.

??????: ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??????.

??????: ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???? ????????.

???? ?????: ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????????? ??????: ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? (??????? ?? ??????????? ... ) ??? ????? [??????: 286] ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???.

????: ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? (??? ???? ???? ????) : (?????? ???? ????????????: ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????..) ??? ???? [???????: 35] .

????: ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??????.

??????: ???????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????: (???????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?????????) [????????: 90] ???? ?????: (??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????) [???????: 55] .

??????: ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????.

??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ????: ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ???: ?? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????????????) [???????: 14 - 15] .

??????: ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????.

??????: ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????.

????: ???????? ??? ???? ???? (??? ???? ???? ????) ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????.

??????: ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???? ?????. (??????? 556-558 ??? ??? ????)

 
Please provide the original Arabic of these du?s and how can I lighten the agonies of death? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 322 ? Title: Please provide the original Arabic of these du?s and how can I lighten the agonies of death?

Question

1. Could you please let me know these two du?s in Arabic:

(i) O Allah! I seek thy refuge from that knowledge which is not beneficial; and from such a heart that does not fear [ye] and from such an avaricious self that is never satisfied and from such prayers which are not heard.

(ii) O Allah I ask thee of knowledge that is beneficial; and seek thy refuge from knowledge that has no benefit.

2. My second question is about death and its agony. I heard from a few scholars that the mumin's soul comes out from the body as a drop of water from its container (so easily).

Whereas I also heard from a few other scholars that even Prophet of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) was in pain in his' (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) last moments (May Allah forgive me if I said something incorrect). And so, every one of us has to go through severe pain while dying. Which one of these two conditions is true? Is there any du? or deed we can do to minimize the agony and pain of death?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

1.) The du?s you requested in Arabic are as follows [i][ii]:

?????????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????

Oh Allah I seek refuge in you from knowledge that does not benefit and from a heart that does not fear and from a supplication that is not heard and from a self that is not satisfied.

?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????????

Oh Allah I ask of You beneficial knowledge and I seek refuge in you from knowledge that does not benefit.

2.) The agony of death is known in Arabic as Sakar?t. The agony of death is a reality that every person must face at the end of his life. In general, the agony of death does cause some level of pain, which might or might not be apparent and cannot always be determined by looking at the dying person. However, Allah in His Infinite Wisdom raises or lowers the severity of the Sakar?t for whomever He wills. Allah mentions in the Quran:

????????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????

?And the agony of death has come with truth. That is what you tried to escape.?

(Quran, 50:19)

The actual process of the r?h coming out is easy for the believers. According to a had?th, once the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw the angel of death standing behind the head of a companion on his death bed. He (salallahu alahyi wa sallam) said, 'Make it easy on my companion'. The angel of death said 'Rest assured, I make it easy on every believer.' [iii]

The incident about the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) facing the pangs of death is indicative of his high rank as the Prophets (alayhimus salaam) are the most tested of all human beings throughout their lives.

To lighten the agony of death, first and foremost, a Muslim should live his life like a true slave of Allah and adhere closely to the Sunnah of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). In addition, he should also do the following:

1.) Make the following supplication regularly[iv] [v]:

?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ????????

0 Allah! Help me bear the pangs of death and the agonies of death.

2.) At the time of death, the recitation of S?rah Yas?n is effective in easing the agony of death. It can be recited by the relatives or anyone else who happens to be near the dying person.[vi]

3.) When death approaches a person should say " ?? ??? ??? ???? " the benefit of which is that the r?h feels comfort as it comes out from the body. [vii]

May Allah lighten the agonies of death for all believers. Am?n.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

Mawlana Sohail ibn Arif
Student, Darul Iftaa
U.S.A

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net

?????? ?????? ???: ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? [i]

???????:? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ? ?? ????: ????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?????? - ??? ??????? ???? ????????? ?????: ????

??? ?????: ?? ????? - ??? ???? ???? ???? - ??? ????: ????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ??? [ii]

?? ???? - ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????: ?????

????? ??????? ? / ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? [iii]

???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? [iv]

?????? ?? ???? : ????? ! ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????

??? ??????? ?????: ???

????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? [v]

?????? ?????? ?????: ????

????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?. ?? ????? ?????? [vi]

??? ????? ???? ? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? [vii]

??? ??????? ? ??? ??? : ??? ??? ???? ??? ? ????? ??? ???? ? ???? ?? ???? : ?? ??? ??? ????

??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????: ??

 
Can we ask Allah directly for our needs or do we need to make intercession through a pious person? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 323 ? Title: Can we ask Allah directly for our needs or do we need to make intercession through a pious person?

Question

I have come across this mentality amongst the Ummah that we cannot ask Allah (SWT) directly for anything; we need to go through ?channels? e.g. Allah (SWT) is the president, Rasulallah (SAW) is the prime minister and the Awliyas (AS) are the head of states. We need to go through these channels in order for our duas to get accepted / answered.

I know there are verses in the Quraan where Allah (SWT) states that ?Ask of me and I will give?. Please can you quote me such verses with their location? Are there any Hadith of Bukhari Shareef that refers to this topic?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

A person can supplicate directly to Allah Ta??la without any intermediary and without the intercession of anyone. Allah Ta?ala says:

??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ??????????? ???????????

?And when my servants ask you about Me, of course, I am near. I respond to the call of one when

he prays to Me; so they should respond to Me and have faith in Me so that they may be on the right path.?

(Quran, 2:186)

A person can also adopt tawassul (means) in making make du?. The means could be through one of the names or attributes of Allah, it could be a righteous deed one has done, or through a pious person, whether he is alive or has passed away as long is it not done in an impermissible way.

The basis for tawassul are the following.

Allah says in S?rah Al-M?idah:

??? ???????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????????

?O you who believe! Fear Allah and seek a means (was?la) to him? (Quran, 5:35)

It is stated in a had?th,

?? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? : ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ? ??? ??????

Whenever drought threatened them, 'Umar bin Al-Khattab, used to ask Al-Abbas bin 'Abdul Muttalib to invoke Allah for rain. He used to say, "O Allah! We used to ask our Prophet to invoke You for rain, and You would bless us with rain, and now we ask his uncle to invoke You for rain. O Allah ! Bless us with rain."

So it would rain.

In the time of Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), a blind person came and requested Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) to make du? to cure him. Rasulullah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) asked him to make wud? and then make the following du? [1][vi]:

????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????

'Oh Allah, verily, I ask of you and I turn to you through your Prophet, Muhammad, the Prophet of mercy,? (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), verily, I have turned to my Lord through you (Muhammad) so that my need be fulfilled. Oh Allah, accept his intercession on my behalf.'

It is clear from the above references of Quran and Ahad?th that tawassul is permissible. However in doing tawassul, it is important that one is making du??? to Allah and no one else.

The waseela, a good deed or pious person is a means to attract Allah?s mercy. One is not making dua to the pious person.

It is not like calling a prime-minister to reach the president. In dua we reach Allah directly and merely refer to the good deed or a pious as a means to invoke Allah?s mercy.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

Mawlana Sohail ibn Arif
Student, Darul Iftaa
U.S.A

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net



[1] ?????: {??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????} ????

?????? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???: {?????? ???? ????? ?????{ ??? ??? ????? ????: ????? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ????? "??????" ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???: ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????: ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ????: {??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????} ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????

...?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ... ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????

...???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ... ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??????

?? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????: ?? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??

????? ??? ????? ? / ??? - ??? ??? ???? ????? ????????

 
Is the punishment of the grave a reality? PDF Print E-mail

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Q: 321 ? Title: Is the punishment of the grave a reality?

Question

One of my friends said that there is no such thing as azaabe qabr, and that such things go against the Quran and there is no authentic Hadith related to azaabe qabr. Could you kindly narrate a few if any?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-sal?mu ?alaykum wa-rahmatull?hi wa-barak?tuh.

It is the belief (aq?dah) of the Ahle-Sunnah-wal-Jam??h that the punishment in the grave is a reality which is proven from the Quran and Ah?dith. Hereunder are some references.

Verses from the Qur?n:

???????? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? . ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ??????????

1. ?And they will be exposed to the fire day and night. Then, on the day the hour will rise (day of judgement), it shall be said to the Angels: Cast the people of the Pharaoh into the severest punishment!?

(40:46)

Commentary:

? ?Our scholars have substantiated the punishment in the grave with this verse of the Holy Qur?an. They say: ?The verse indicates that fire will be brought to them morning and evening and this does not refer to the day of judgment as Allah says: ?And on the day judgment will be established, cast you the people of Pharaoh in the severest penalty? (i.e. it is referring to a time that is before the day of judgment, m). It also does not refer to this world, as bringing them to the fire did not occur in this world. Therefore, it becomes evident that this happened after their death and will happen before the Day of Judgment, thus it proves the establishment of the punishment in the grave. When it is established and proved for Pharaoh?s people it will also be established for others, as there is no reason of distinction?[1]

? ?This verse is a fundamental evidence for the Ahle-Sunnah-wal-Jam??h in establishing the punishment of the grave?.[2]

?????????????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????

2. ?We shall punish them twice and then they will be returned to a great punishment?

(9:101)

Commentary:

? Tabarani narrates from Sayyiduna Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) that he said: ?Once on Friday the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) gave a sermon. And then he said: ?Allah has disgraced the hypocrites in the world and that is the first punishment and the second punishment will be in the grave? [3]

?????? ?????? ???? ????????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ???????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? . ????????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????????????

3. ?If only you could see when the wrongdoers are in the throes of death and the Angels are stretching out their hands saying ?Bring forth your souls! This day you shall be recompensed with the torment of disgrace because of what you used to say about Allah other than the truth. And you grew arrogant against his signs!?

(6:93)

Commentary:

? This is an address to the wrong doers while they are dying, informing them that they will be severely tormented on the very day of their death. If the punishment were to be postponed to the Day of Judgment, they would not have been told: ?This day you shall be recompensed?. This proves that there is a torment in the grave.

References from the Ah?d?th:

???? ????????? ??????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????: ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????[4]

1. Hazrat Aisha radhiallahu anha narrates that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: ?Verily there is a constriction in the grave and if anyone was to pass it or be safe from it, it would be Sa?d bin Mu?dh.?

????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????????: ????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ????????[5]

2. Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: ?The grave is a garden from the gardens of Paradise or a pit from the pits of Hell?

???? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????: ????? ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ??????? ????: ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?????: ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????: ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????

?????: ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????: ???? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ??????[6]

3. H?ni? the freed slave of Hadhrat Utm?n radhiallahu anhu narrates that when Hadhrat Uthm?n ibn Aff?n would stand in front of a grave, he would cry until his beard would become moist. It was once said to him. You mention Heaven and Hell and you don?t cry yet you cry from this? He replied ?Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said ?Verily the grave is the first hurdle from the hurdles of the Hereafter. If one succeeds in it, then what is to come after it will be easier for him. However, if does not succeed in it, then what is to come after it will be harder for him.?

He also said that Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: ?I have not seen a sight except that the grave is more horrific than it.?

????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????: ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ????????? ?????? ??????????: ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????? ????????[7]

4. ?Sa?d radhiallahu anhu used to teach his children the following words like how a teacher teaches children to write. He used to say ?Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam used to seek Allah?s refuge from these things after every Sal?h.? ?Oh Allah, I seek your protection from cowardice and I seek your protection from that I am sent forth to a feeble age and I seek refuge in you from the trials of the world and I seek refuge in you from the punishment of the grave.?

???? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????: ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?????: ????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????: ??????? ??????? ????????.??????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????: ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????? ????????[8]

5. Aisha radhiallahu anha narrates that a Jewess came to her and mentioned the punishment of the grave and said ?May Allah protect you from the punishment of the grave.? So Hadhrat Aisha radhiallahu anha asked Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam about the punishment of the grave and Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said ?There is a punishment of the grave?. Aisha radhiallahu anha says that I never saw Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam pray a Sal?h after that instance except that he seeked refuge from the punishment of the grave.

???? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????: ??????????? ?????????????? ????? ???????????? ???? ??????? .????? ?????: ????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??????????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???? ????????...[9]

6. Ibn Abb?s radhiallahu anhu narrates that once Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam passed by two graves and said ?Verily both of them are getting punished albeit not from a major sin.? Then he said ?This one used to be a tale bearer and this one did not safeguard himself from his urine.?

Above are only a few Ah?dith. There are numerous other narrations in the other books.[10]

Consensus of the Asl?f (pious predecessors)

Our illustrious, wise sincere predecessors also accepted, believed in and preached the reality of the punishment of the grave. Below are just a few quotes:

? ???? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???. ??? ??? ?????: ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????.[11]

1. ?And we believe in the punishment of the Grave for the people who deserve it. Imam Abu Han?fa said: Whosoever denies the punishment of the grave, then he is from the perishing Jahmiyyah group.?

? ???? ????? ???????? ? ???? ???? ????????[12]

2. ?And the punishment of the grave is for the disbelievers and for some of the disobedient believers.?

? ???? ????? ? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ????[13]

3. ?And the constriction of the grave and the punishment of the grave for all of the disbelievers. And for some of the disobedient believers it is a true possibility.?

??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????. ???????? ?? ????[14]

4. Imam Qurtubi states: ?Belief in the punishment of the grave and its trials is obligatory and affirming it is incumbent.?

??? ??????? ?????: ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???[15]

5. Murwadhi says: Abu Abdillah (Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal) told us: ?The punishment of the grave is Haq and none deny it except a person who is deviated and one who deviates.?

The Ah?dith in support of the punishment of the grave are mutaw?tir. [16] Contrary to the belief of some who contend that there is no shar?? basis for the punishment of the grave.

Imam al-Taftazani states in his commentary of al-Aq??id al-Nasafiyya:

? ???????: ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???????

?In general the narrations on this subject (punishment of the grave) and on many of the states of the next world are mutawatir in meaning, although the individual narrations taken separately do not attain the rank of tawatur?

(Sa?d al-Din al-Taftazani on the creed of Najm al-Din al-Nasafi, P.127- D?ral Bayr?ti)

Imam al-Suyuti (Allah have mercy on him) compiled seventy such narrations in his excellent book Sharh al-sud?r fi ahw?l al-mawt? wa al-qub?r. He says:

?? ??????????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????????

?The narrations with regards to the punishment of the grave have reached the level of certainty (taw?tur). They have been reported by a group of Companions (Allah be pleased with them all)?,

(Pg.119. D?rul Madani)

The punishment of the grave has been so clearly proven that the the four main Fuqah? (Imam Abu-Hanifa, Sh?fi, Ahmad, M?lik rahmatullahi alaihim), all the Muhaddith?n and Asl?f are all unanimous on the fact that the punishment of the grave is a reality and they all believe in it. These are the people who were given the true understanding of the Qur?n and Ah?dith.

And Allah Ta??la Knows Best

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
www.daruliftaa.net


[1] ???????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ????????? ?????: ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????????) ??????? ??????(

[2] ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?????: ???????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? (????? ?????? ??????. ??? ????)

?????????? ????? ???????? ??????????????? ?????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????????????? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????????? [3]

[4] ???? ????/ ???? ??????/ ???? ??? ?????/??? ???????/ ???? ??? ????

[5] ??? ???????

[6] ??? ??? ????

[7] ???? ???????/ ????? ?????? ???????

[8] ???? ???????

[9] ???? ???????

[10]????????: ???? ????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ???????????....

???? ??????????? ??? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ????????.

???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????

???? ?????? ??? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???????????...

[11] ??? ???????? ????????. ??? ????? ???????

[12] ??? ????? ???????. ??? ????????

[13] Al-Fiqh al-Akbar, White Thread Press

[14] ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????. ????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????

[15] ????? ????????. ??? ???????

[16] ???????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????.

 
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